Traditional American Food




Americans eat a lot. They have three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner.

Most of Americans don't eat home but prefer to go to restaurants. They can choose from many kind of restaurants. There is a great number of ethnic restaurants in the United States. Italian, Chinese and Mexican food is very popular. An American institution is the fast food restaurant, which is very convenient but not very healthy.

However there are some principles of American cuisine (if we may call it so). Americans drink a lot of juices and soda, eat a lot of meat, fruits and vegetables, not much bread. In the morning Americans have cereal or scrambled eggs, milk or orange juice.

Chicken or fish, fried potatoes, vegetable salads, and desert: this is the most common menu for lunch. Dinner is probably the most important meal of the day, some people have family dinner, when all members of family have to be there.

For dinner Americans usually have meat, fried or baked potatoes with ketchup or sour cream, corn, peas, sometimes macaroni and cheese or spaghetti; ice-cream, fruit or cake may be for dessert.

Turkey, ham and apple pie are traditional for Christmas and Thanksgiving Day dinners.

 

Questions:

 

1. How many times a day do Americans eat?

2. Do Americans like to eat at home?

3. What kind of restaurants is popular in the US?

4. What do Americans eat for breakfast?

5. What is the most important meal of the day?

6. What is a family dinner?

7. What dishes are traditional for Christmas and Thanksgiving Day dinners?

 

2. Составьте вопросительные, отрицательные и утвердительные предложения в Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple с глаголом to say.

 

3. Вставьте верную форму глагола to be и to have.

1) He … the best sportsman.

2) Affine Pallada … the Greece goddess.

3) Tourists … near the Coliseum yesterday.

4) Tomorrow he … … in Rome.

5) I … a good party yesterday.

 

4. Дайте краткий ответ на вопрос:

1) Were his sons there? -_________________.

2) Will she come? -_________________.

3) Does she like the tea? -_________________.

4) Has she a flat? -_________________.

5) Can Jane swim? -_________________.

 

 

3.3. 3 вариант

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Ответьте на вопросы после текста.

The English Language

English is spoken practically all over the world. It is spoken as the mother tongue in Great Britain, the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. A lot of people speak English in China, Japan, India, Africa and other countries- It is one of 6 official languages of the United Nations. It is studied as a foreign language in many schools.

England's history helps to understand the present condition of English. Many English words were borrowed from the language of Angles and Saxons» Hundreds of French words came into English. These French words didn't crowd out corresponding Anglo-Saxon words. There exist «act» and «deed», «beautiful» and «pretty», «form» and «shape».

Many new words were brought by traders and travellers. These words came from all parts of the worlds «umbrella» — from Italian, «skates» —from Dutch» «tea» —from Chinese» «cigar» — from Spanish.

Some words came into English directly from Latin, which was the language of the church and the universities in the Middle Ages.

Some of the English words of today are derivatives. One way of creating new words is to put together two or more older English words. For example» the words «railway», «football», «newspaper» are made in this way.

Many of the new English words — especially new scientific ones — have been made from Latin and Greek words instead of English ones. «Telephone» for instance, was made from Greek words «far» and «talk».

 

Questions:

1. In what countries is English spoken as the mother tongue?

2. From what languages are some English words borrowed?

3. Did French words crowd out corresponding Anglo-Saxon ones?

4. What English words that came from all parts of the world do you know?

5. Why are there so many words with Latin roots in the English language?

6. What ways of creating new words do you know?

 

2. Составьте вопросительные, отрицательные и утвердительные предложения в Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple с глаголом

to understand.

 

3. Вставьте верную форму глагола to be и to have.

1) They… my best friends.

2) Jane … three cats.

3) New York … an amazing city.

4) Her husband … an allergy.

5) Great Britain … a highly industrialized country.

 

4. Дайте краткий ответ на вопрос:

1) Don’t you work? - __________________.

2) Can you swim? -____________________.

3) Will they come back? -_______________.

4) Would you like a cup of tea? -_________.

5) Does he work in a bank? -____________.

 

3.4. 4 вариант

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Ответьте на вопросы после текста.

Great Britain

The full name of the country the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and a great number of small islands. Their total area is over 314 000 sq. km. The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of Ireland. It borders on the Irish Republic in the south. The island of Great Britain consists of three main parts: England (the southern and middle part of the island), Wales (a mountainous peninsula in the West) and Scotland (the northern part of the island).

There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north the Cheviots separate England from Scotland, the Apennines stretch down North England along its middle, the Cambrian Mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the Highlands of Scotland are the tallest of the British mountains. There is very little flat country except in the region known as East Anglia. Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is the deepest and the longest of the British rivers. Some of the British greatest ports are situated in the estuaries of the Thames, Mersey, Trent and Bristol Avon. Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources, it has some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits of oil and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.

The warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean influence the climate of Great Britain. Winters are not severely cold and. summers are rarely hot. The population of the United Kingdom is over 58 million people. The main nationalities are: English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish. In Great Britain there are a lot of immigrants from former British Asian and African colonies. Great Britain is a highly industrialized country. New industries have been developed in the last three decades. The main industrial centers are London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool, Glasgow and Bristol. The capital of the country is London. The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy.

 

Questions:

1. Where is the United Kingdom situated?

2. What islands do the British Isles consist of?

3. What ocean and seas are the British Isles washed by?

4. What country does Northern Ireland border on?

5. Are there any high mountains in Great Britain?

6. What mineral resources is Great Britain rich in?

7. What is the climate like in Great Britain?

8. What is the population of Great Britain?

9. What city is the capital of the U. K.?

10. What kind of state is Great Britain?

 

2. Составьте вопросительные, отрицательные и утвердительные предложения в Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple с глаголом

to think..

3. Вставьте верную форму глагола to be и to have.

1) She … two children.

2) The capital of UK … London.

3) I … many toys in my childhood.

4) Jack … … a new car next spring.

5) Cats … very cute pets.

 

4. Дайте краткий ответ на вопрос:

1) Do you like dogs? - ____________.

2) Must students study well?-______________.

3) Is wrestling your favourite kind of sport?-_____________.

4) Are you afraid of dentist?-______________.

5) Is the UK a constitutional monarchy?-________________.

 

 

3.5. 5 вариант

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Ответьте на вопросы после текста.

Meals in Britain

Since the 1970's eating habits in Britain have undergone a change. People have been encouraged by doctors, health experts and government advertisements to eat less fat and more fibre. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heart disease. Forty per cent of adults in Britain are overweight and Britain has one of the highest death rates due to cardiovascular disease in the world. Britons have also become more aware of calories, the energy value of food. Some people count the number of calories they eat every day, so that they can try to take in fewer calories and lose weight. Food manufactures have started to help the general public to make more informed choices about what they eat.

So the traditional British breakfast is bacon, eggs or sausages, preceded by fruit and followed by toasts. Britons may eat this breakfast at weekends or on special occasions but prefer a smaller and healthier meal to start a day. Lunch is a light meal and is eaten at school or work. Lunch takes 40 minutes. Dinner is usually the main meal of the day and consists of two courses.

In recent years, foreign foods have become a regular part of the British diet. Indian and Chinese dishes are particularly popular for evening meals. It became extremely popular in the 1980's. The traditional British take-away is fish and chips eaten with salt and vinegar and served in an old newspaper. The British are famous r their love of sweet things and afternoon tea with sandwiches; scones, jam and several kinds of cake, was once a traditional custom. Most working people don't have tea as an afternoon "meal", but they do have a short break in the middle of the afternoon for a cup of tea. Tea is often also drink with lunch and dinner.

 

Questions:

1. Eating habits in Britain have undergone a change, haven't they?

2. Why do some of people count the number of calories they eat?

3. What is the traditional British breakfast?

4. What do the British have for the main meal of the day?

5. What are Britons famous for?

 

2. Составьте вопросительные, отрицательные и утвердительные предложения в Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple с глаголом

to know.

3. Вставьте верную форму глагола to be и to have.

1) Many people … a e-mail.

2) Have you ever … in London?

3) She … a very beautiful girl.

4) Mary … … a mother soon.

5) … he got a bicycle?

4. Дайте краткий ответ на вопрос:

1) Is Russia the biggest country in the world?-_______________.

2) Do you like to travel by train?-________________.

3) Are there any chairs in the room?-_____________.

4) Do they work every day?-________________.

5) Has your father mustaches?-______________.

 

 

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