Упражнения на все изученные времена




Упражнение 242

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. My friend (to like) pies. He (to eat) pies every day. When I (to meet) him in the street yesterday, he (to eat) a pie. He (to tell) me that he (to buy) that pie at the corner of the street. Look at my friend now! He (to eat) a pie again. 2. I always (to come) to school at a quarter to nine. 3. Yesterday I (to come) to school at ten minutes to nine. 4. Tomorrow Nick (not to go) to the cinema because he (to go) to the cin­ema yesterday. He already (to be) to the cinema this week. He (to stay) at home and (to play) a computer game. 5. What your brother (to do) now? 6. My fa­ther (to work) in an office. It (to be) Sunday now. He (not to work), he (to read) at home. 7. I (not to see) you for a while! You (to be) busy at work? — I (to have) an awful week, you (to know). 8. What he (to do) at ten o'clock last night? — He (not to do) anything real­ly. He just (to look) at some magazines. 9. We (to have) rather a difficult time at the moment. — I (to be) sor­ry to hear that. 10. Something awful (to happen). Her little daughter (to swallow) a coin. 11. She (to ask) me if I (to see) her backpack. 12. After the boys (to do) all the work, they (to go) to the pictures.

Упражнение 243

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. We (to bring) a lot of berries from the wood. Now we shall make jam. 2. Look! Jane (to swim)


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across the river. 3. What you (to do) at six o'clock yesterday? 4. You ever (to see) the Pyramids? 5.1 (to go) to the Caucasus two years ago. 6. We (to go) to school every day. 7. Nick (to do) his homework by seven o'clock yesterday. 8. You (to help) your father tomorrow? 9. When Nick (to come) home yesterday, his mother (to return) and (to cook) dinner in the kitchen. 10. When I (to go) to school yesterday, I sud­denly (to remember) that I (to forget) to take my En­glish exercise book. 11. Yesterday grandfather (to tell) us how he (to work) at the factory during the war.

12. When Mr. and Mrs. Smith (to arrive) home, they (to discover) that someone (to break) into their house. Their video recorder and television (to disappear). They (not to know) what they (to do) to deserve this bad luck.

13. The man (to get) off the bus without paying while the conductor (to collect) fares upstairs.

Упражнение 244

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. Don't go to Nick's place now, he (to work). He (to finish) his homework at seven o'clock. If you (to come) after seven, he (to be) very glad. 2. Pete (to go) to the cinema? — Yes, I (to think) so. He usual­ly (to play) in the yard at this time, and now he (not to be) there. 3. He (to read) a book at five o'clock yesterday. 4. You (to go) for a walk with me? — I (to be) sorry, I can't. I (to do) my homework. I (not yet to write) the English exercise. If you (to wait) for me, I (to go) with you in half an hour. I (to want) to go for a walk very much, because I (not to go) for a walk yesterday. 5. Yesterday the children (to do) all their homework before mother (to come) home, and when she (to come), they (to play) with the cat.


6. I (to lose) my key when I (to play) in the yard yes­terday. 7. Ring me up as soon as you (to come) home. 8. Where you usually (to take) books for reading?

Упражнение 245

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. Mike (to eat) ice cream every day. Look, he (to eat) ice cream now. When I (to see) him in the morn­ing, he (to eat) ice cream, too. He (to say) he (to eat) one ice cream already by that time. I think he (to fall) ill if he (to eat) so much ice cream. 2. They (to walk) along the street and (to talk). Suddenly Nick (to stop) and (to say), "Oh, what shall we do? I (to lose) the key to the door." "If you (not to find) it," said Pete, "we (to have) to wait for mother in the street." 3. When I (to come) to the station yester­day, I (to learn) that my train already (to leave).

4. What he (to do) when you (to see) him yesterday?

5. I (to give) you this book as soon as I (to finish) reading it. 6. When the ship (to cross) the ocean, a great storm (to break) out. 7. I never (to hear) of her. 8. To whom you just (to write)?

Упражнение 246

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. Let's go for a walk. The rain (to stop) and the sun (to shine). 2. If you (to help) me, I (to do) this work well. 3. I always (to get) up at eight o'clock, but to­morrow I (to get) up a little later. 4. What you (to read) now? — I (to read) Tom's book. I (to be) in a hurry.


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Tom soon (to come), and I (to want) to finish reading the-book before he (to come). 5. As soon as you (to see) your friend, tell him that I (to want) to see him. 6. When I (to come) home yesterday, my brother (to sleep). 7. When you (to come) to see us? — I (to come) tomorrow if I (not to be) busy. 8. I (not to like) apples. 9. He (to come) home at five o'clock yesterday. 10. I (to ring) you up as soon as I (to come) home tomorrow. 11. I (to show) you my work if you (to like). 12. He (to come) home by six o'clock yesterday. 13. Pete certainly (to help) you with your English if you (to ask) him. 14. This little boy never (to see) a crocodile. 15. Send me a tele­gram as soon as you (to arrive). 16. He (to know) the results before we (to meet).

Упражнение 247

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. Yesterday I (to put) five apples into the vase. Where they (to be) now? — I (to eat) them. You (to bring) some more tomorrow? — Yes, if you (not to make) noise when granny (to sleep). 2. You ever (to be) to the Hermitage? 3. What Nick (to do) when you (to ring) him up yesterday? — He (to play) the pi­ano. He (to tell) me that he already (to write) his composition. 4. Why she (to sleep) now? It (to be) too early. She never (to sleep) at this time. 5. You (to go) to the library tomorrow? — No, I already (to be) to the library this week. I (to be) there on Mon­day. As a rule, I (to go) to the library every Wednesday. But yesterday I (not to go) there, be­cause I (not to read) the book. I (to read) it now. I (to go) to the library on Saturday if I (to finish)


the book by that time. 6. As soon as I (to receive) a letter, I shall go to Moscow. 7. By six o'clock we al­ready (to make) arrangements to take the early train.

Упражнение 248

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. Autumn (to come). It (to be) November now. It (to get) colder, the days (to get) shorter. It often (to rain). Soon it (to be) very cold. 2. When I (to do) my homework yesterday, I quickly (to run) to the yard, because my friends (to wait) for me there. 3. We (to have) a good time last summer. 4. What you (to learn) for today? — I (to be) sorry, I (not to prepare) my lesson. I (to be) ill yesterday and (not to know) what to do. I (to prepare) my lesson tomorrow. — If you (not to prepare) your lesson tomorrow, you (to get) a bad mark. 5. What you (to do) at five o'clock yesterday? 6. Mike always (to do) his homework in the evening, but today he (to begin) doing it as soon as he comes from school, because his father (to prom­ise) to take him to the theatre. 7. When Mary (to come) home, her brother (to read) the book which she (to bring) him two days before.

Упражнение 249

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

1. Hello! Where you (to go)? — Nowhere in par­ticular. I just (to take) a walk. 2. Our students (to do) all kinds of exercises and now they (to be) sure


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that they (to know) this rule well. They (to hope) they .(to make) no mistakes in the paper. 3. The expedition (to cover) hundreds of kilometres, but they still (to be) far from their destination. 4. You (to go) to Great Britain next year? 5. Yesterday Nick (to say) that he (to read) much during his summer vacation. 6. At the age of twenty my fa­ther (to combine) work and study. 7. A great number of students (to study) in the reading room when I (to enter) it last night. 8. The storm (to rage) the whole night, and the sailors (to try) to do their best to save the ship. 9. Mike's friends could hard­ly recognize him as he (to change) greatly after his expedition to the Antarctic. 10. When I (to enter) the hall, the students (to listen) to a very interest­ing lecture in history.

Упражнение 250

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect.

It was eight o'clock in the morning and time for me to go to work. I (to look) out of the window. It (to rain) hard. "You (to get) wet through if you (to go) out now," said my mother. "No, I ... ," I an­swered, "I (to take) an umbrella." We (to have) five umbrellas in the house, but when I (to want) to take one, I (to find) that there (to be) not one that I could use: they all (to be) torn or broken. So I (to take) them all and (to carry) them to the umbrella maker, saying that I would call for the umbrellas on my way home in the evening. When I (to go) to have lunch in the afternoon, it still (to rain) very hard. I (to go) to the nearest cafe, and (to sit) down at a table. A few minutes later a young woman (to come) in


and (to sit) down at the same table with me. When I (to finish) my lunch and (to be) ready to leave, I ab­sent-mindedly (to take) her umbrella and (to start) for the exit. She (to stop) me saying that I (to take) her umbrella. I (to return) the umbrella with many apologies. In the evening I (to go) to the umbrella maker, (to take) my five umbrellas and (to get) on the tram to go home. It so happened that the wom­an I (to meet) at the cafe (to ride) in the same tram. When she (to see) me with my five umbrellas, she (to say), "You (to have) a successful day today, (to have not) you?"

 

Спряжение глагола to write(писать) в Future Continuous Tense (Future Progressive Tense) (действие в процессе, будет совершаться в определенный момент в будущем)
1 shall be writing Не will be writingShe will be writing It will be writing We shall be writing You will be writingThey will be writing 1 shall not be writing He will not be writingShe will not be writing It will not be writing We shall not be writing You will not be writingThey will not be writing
Shall 1 be writing? Willhe be writing? Willshe be writing? Will it be writing? Shall we be writing? Willyou be writing? Willthey be writing? Yes, 1 shall.Yes, he will.Yes, she will. Yes, it will. Yes, we shall.Yes, you will.Yes, they will. No, 1 shan't. No,he won't. No,she won't. No, it won't. No, we shan't. No,you won't.No, they won't.
       

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Спряжение глагола to write(писать) в Future Perfect Tense (действие уже совершится к определенному моменту в будущем)
1 shall have written Не will have writtenShe will have written It will have written We shall have writtenYou will have written They will have written 1 shall not have written He will not have writtenShe will not have written It will not have written We shall not have writtenYou will not have written They will not have written
Shall 1 have written? Willhe have written? Willshe have written? Will it have written? Shall we have written? Willyou have written? Willthey have written? Yes, 1 shall.Yes, he will.Yes, she will.Yes, it will. Yes, we shall.Yes, you will.Yes, they will. No, 1 shan't. No,he won't. No,she won't. No, it won't. No, we shan't. No,you won't.No, they won't.

Сравните употребление трех будущих времен: Future Simple, Future Continuous, Future Perfect

Упражнение 251

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из будущих времен: Future Simple, Future Continuous или Future Perfect.

1. I (to do) my homework tomorrow. 2. I (to do) my homework at six o'clock tomorrow. 3. I (to do) my homework by six o'clock tomorrow. 4. Tomorrow I (to begin) doing my homework as soon as I come from school. I (to do) my homework from three till


six. My father (to come) home at seven o'clock to­morrow. I (to do) all my homework by the time he comes, and we (to go) for a walk together. 5. When I come home tomorrow, my family (to have) supper. 6. When you come to my place tomorrow, I (to read) your book. I (to do) my homework by the time you come. 7. Don't come to my place tomorrow. I (to write) a composition the whole evening. 8. I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. I (to watch) TV the whole evening. 9. What you (to do) tomorrow?

10. What you (to do) at eight o'clock tomorrow?

11. You (to play) volleyball tomorrow? 12. You (to do) this work by next Sunday? 13. When you (to go) to see your friend next time? 14. How many pages you (to read) by five o'clock tomorrow?

 

Спряжение глагола to write(писать) в Present Perfect Continuous Tense (Present Perfect Progressive Tense) (действие началось в прошлом, длилось вплоть до настоящего и продолжается в настоящем)
1 have been writing Не has been writingShe has been writing It has been writing We have been writingYou have been writingThey have been writing 1 have not been writing He has not been writingShe has not been writing It has not been writing We have not been writingYou have not been writingThey have not been writing
Have 1 been writing? Hashe been writing? Hasshe been writing? Has it been writing? Have we been writing? Haveyou been writing? Have they been writing? Yes, 1 have.Yes, he has.Yes, she has.Yes, it has. Yes, we have. Yes,you have.Yes, they have No, 1 haven't. No,he hasn't. No,she hasn't. No, it hasn't. No, we haven't. No,you haven't.No, they haven't.
       


ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИИ


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Сравните следующие предложения:
Я живув Санкт-Петер- 1 live in St. Petersburg.
бурге.  
Я живув Санкт-Петер- 1 have been living in
бурге с детства. St. Petersburg since child-
  hood.
Она делаетуроки. She is doingher home-
  work.
Она делаетуроки с She has been doingher
утра. homework since morning.

Упражнение 252

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Present Continuous или Present Perfect Continuous.

1. а) Мой папа работает в институте.

b) Мой папа работает в институте с 1995 года.

2. а) Моя бабушка готовит обед. (СЕЙЧАС) Ь) Моя бабушка готовит обед с двух часов.

3. а) Моя сестра спит.

Ь) Моя сестра спит с пяти часов.

4. а) Мама убирает квартиру. (СЕЙЧАС) Ь) Мама убирает квартиру с утра.

5. а) Дедушка смотрит телевизор. (СЕЙЧАС) Ь) Дедушка смотрит телевизор с шести часов.

6. а) Мой дядя пишет стихи.

Ь) Мой дядя пишет стихи с детства.

7. а) Она читает. (СЕЙЧАС) Ь) Она читает с утра.

8. а) Они играют в волейбол. (СЕЙЧАС) Ь) Они играют в волейбол с трех часов.

9. а) Мы изучаем английский язык.

Ь) Мы изучаем английский язык с 1998 года.


 

Сравните следующие предложения:
1 amstill working Я все еще ра- Present Con-
at myreport. ботаю над до­кладом. tinuous
1 have already Я уже 3 ча- Present Per-
been working at my са работаю над fect Continu-
report for three докладом. ous
hours.    

Упражнение 253

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Present Continuous или в Present Perfect Con­tinuous.

1. а) Она все еще изучает испанский язык.

Ь) Она уже два года изучает испанский язык.

2. а) Они все еще живут на даче.

Ь) Они уже четыре месяца живут на даче.

3. а) Она все еще разговаривает по телефону. Ь) Она разговаривает по телефону уже двад­цать минут.

4. а) Мой брат все еще решает эту трудную за-

дачу. Ь) Он решает эту задачу уже полчаса.

5. а) Она все еще пишет письмо бабушке. Ь) Она уже целый час пишет это письмо.

6. а) Они все еще ловят рыбу.

Ь) Они ловят рыбу уже пять часов.

7. а) Дедушка и бабушка все еще играют в лото. Ь) Они играют в лото уже два часа.

8. а) Они все еще спорят.

Ь) Они спорят уже два часа.

9. а) Она еще спит.

Ь) Она спит уже два часа.


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10. а) Он еще делает уроки.

Ь) Он делает уроки уже три часа.

11. а) Мальчики все еще играют в футбол.

Ь) Они играют в футбол уже сорок минут.

12. а) Девочки еще переодеваются.

Ь) Они переодеваются уже полчаса.

13. а) Артисты все еще репетируют эту сцену. Ь) Они репетируют эту сцену уже три часа.

14. а) Дети все еще бегают во дворе.

Ь) Они уже три часа бегают во дворе.

15. а) Он все еще пишет свою новую книгу.

Ь) Он пишет свою новую книгу уже два года.

16. а) Он все еще учит монолог Гамлета.

Ь) Он учит монолог Гамлета уже два дня.

17. а) Мы все еще ремонтируем нашу квартиру.
Ь) Мы ремонтируем нашу квартиру уже пол­
месяца.

Сравните употребление всех времен Present

Упражнение 254

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Present Con­tinuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous.

1. This man (to be) a writer. He (to write) books. He (to write) books since he was a young man. He already (to write) eight books. 2. What you (to do) here since morning? 3. Lena is a very good girl. She always (to help) her mother about the house. Today she (to help) her mother since morning. They already (to wash) the floor and (to dust) the furniture. Now they (to cook) dinner together. 4. He (to run) now. He (to run) for ten minutes without any rest. 5. What they (to do) now? — They (to work) in the reading room. They (to work) there for three hours already. 6. Where he (to be) now? — He (to be) in


the garden. He (to play) volleyball with his friends. They (to play) since breakfast time. 7. I (to live) in St. Petersburg. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1990. 8. This is the factory where my father (to work). He (to work) here for fifteen years. 9. You (to find) your notebook? — No! I still (to look) for it. I already (to look) for it for two hours, but (not yet to find) it. 10. You (to play) with a ball for three hours already. Go home and do your homework.

11. Wake up! You (to sleep) for ten hours already.

12. I (to wait) for a letter from my cousin for a month already, but (not yet to receive) it. 13. She already (to do) her homework for two hours; but she (not yet to do) half of it. 14.1 (to wait) for you since two o'clock. 15. What you (to do)? — I (to read). I (to read) for two hours already. I already (to read) sixty pages. 16. It is difficult for me to speak about this opera as I (not to hear) it. 17. I just (to receive) a letter from my granny, but I (not yet to receive) any letters from my parents. 18. The weather (to be) fine today. The sun (to shine) ever since we got up. 19. Every day I (to wind) up my watch at 10 o'clock in the evening. 20. Come along, Henry, what you (to do) now? I (to wait) for you a long time. 21. Where your gloves (to be)? — I (to put) them into my pock­et. 22. I (to stay) with some American friends in Chicago. I (to stay) with them for two weeks now. I (to have) a great time here. I (to take) the opportu­nity to improve my English. I already (to see) the towering skyscrapers of Chicago which are reflect­ed in the rippling water of Lake Michigan. I just (to take) a picture of Chicago's Sears Tower which (to rise) 1,707 feet and (to provide) a panoramic view from the skydeck. 23. I (to go) to give that cat some food. I (to be) sure it (to starve). — But Jane already (to feed) the cat. You needn't do it.


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Глаголы, не имеющие форм Continuous, следует употреблять в Present Perfect.

 

Сравните следующие пары предложений:
Я знаюего. Я знаюего уже три года. 1 knowhim. 1 have knownhim for three years.
Я хочупоехать в Лон­дон. Я всегда хотелпоехать в Лондон (и сейчас хочу). 1 wantto go to London. 1 have always wanted to go toLondon.
Она больна.Она больнауже две недели. She is ill. She has been ill for two weeks.
Он предпочитаетклас­сическую музыку. Он всегда предпочи­талклассическую музы­ку (и сейчас предпочи­тает). He prefersclassical mu­sic. He has always pre­ferredclassical music.
Она любиткошек. Она всегда любилакошек (и сейчас любит). She likescats. She has always liked cats.

Упражнение 255

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect или Present Perfect Continuous.

1. Мы знаем друг друга уже четыре года. 2. Я всегда хотел изучать английский язык. 3. Где Нина? — Она уже два часа дома. 4. Где дети? — Они все еще играют во дворе. 5. Мой брат уже три года инженер. 6. Мой друг знает английский с дет-


ства. 7. Я уже полчаса наблюдаю за тобой. 8. Ваш брат еще болен? — Нет, он уже поправился. Он уже три дня занимается физикой. Он хочет полу­чить отличную оценку на экзамене. 9. Мне уже давно хочется прочесть эту книгу. 10. Я уже двад­цать минут пытаюсь найти мою старую тетрадь.

11. Они уже десять лет живут в Нью Йорке.

12. Моя тетя — артистка. Она всегда любила те­атр. 13. Ваш папа уже вернулся с севера? — Да, он уже две недели дома. 14. Я уже три дня об этом думаю. 15. Моя сестра пьет кофе с молоком. А я всегда предпочитал черный кофе. 16. Мы очень рады вас видеть. Мы вас ждали целый месяц. 17. Вы все еще читаете эту книгу? Сколько вре­мени вы ее уже читаете? 18. Моя сестра занима­ется музыкой уже пять лет. 19. Я ищу тебя весь вечер. Где ты был все это время? 20. Они пишут сочинение уже два часа.

Будущее в прошедшем

Не забудьте, что если главноепредложение сто­ит в прошедшем времени,то в придаточном до­полнительномвместо будущих времен должны упот­ребляться соответствующие будущие-в-прошедшем времена.

 

Спряжение глагола to write(писать)
в Future-in-the-Past Simple Tense
(Не knew that) (He thoughtthat)
1 should write 1 should not write
he would write he would not write
she would write she would not write
it would write it would not write
we should write we should not write
you would write you would not write
they would write they would not write

216 ГРАММАТИКА, СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Употребление времен



 


                   
     
     
 
 
   
   
 

Спряжение глагола to write (писать) в Future-in-the-Past Continuous Tense

Спряжение глагола to write (писать) в Future-in-the-Past Perfect Tense

Упражнение 256 Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. 1. I am afraid I shall be late. 2. Do you think we shall pick all the apples in three days? 3. He hopes you will often visit him. 4. They expect he will be at

(Не said that)





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