Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Airline pilots have high social status and earn a great deal of money. Air hostesses' have an uncertain status and earn little. For those recently qualified, the basic pay in some airlines is as little as £300 a month.

This is little to balance against the possibility of a hijack2 or a disaster. So why do they do it?

I went to see Diane Humphreys, Senior Hostess with Dan-Air at Manchester Airport, to try to find the answer to this question. Mrs. Humphreys has had the job for 16 years. Before that she was an ordinary air hostess for six years.

One reason why air hostesses don't get over-anxious about flying • may be that they're so busy, before, during and after a flight. I asked Mrs. Humphreys to tell me what a typical summer timetable for a hostess would be. She said that four or five flights a week during the summer is not uncommon.

«On a Monday morning, a hostess might have an early morning flight, ' perhaps at 7 a.m. She has to check in 1.5 hours before the flight.

She has to prepare the cabin and toilets and make sure that the food and drinks are aboard. Dan-Air does not do long-distance flights, just short or medium distance ones, and so there are no overnight stopovers unless weather conditions prevent take-off or landing, or the plane develops technical problems. There's a 45-minute interval, when the hostesses have to prepare the plane for the return flight. Depending on where you're flying, this can make it a 12-hour day; with delays it can even be 16 hours.»

«During the flight you've got no time to relax — the safety instructions have to be demonstrated and the food and drinks served. You're always busy. So one day you might have an early morning flight; the next an afternoon flight; the day after you might be on relief duty and have to be ready to work if someone else becomes ill or there is an emergency. This means that you have to stay near a phone all the time and be no more than an hour and a half from the airport.»

1 air hostess — стюардесса

2 hijack —угон самолета

Test № 14

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. According to the passage the money that air hostesses earn does not cover the risks that their profession involves.

2. Diane Humphreys has been an air hostess for 16 years.

3. Air hostesses can only relax during a 45-minute interval before the return flight.

4. When on relief duty an air hostess has to telephone to the airport every one and a half hours.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What is a typical summer timetable for an air hostess?

2. What are the duties of an air hostess when the plane is in the air?

3. What flights does the company Dan-Air do?

4. In what cases does the staff have overnight stopovers?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. An air hostess has to check in 45 minutes before the flight.

2. Before the flight an air hostess must make sure that the food and drinks are of good quality.


Nobody visited the Seychelles much until 1971 when Male airport was opened and the world could flood in. Now more than half the country's earnings comes from tourism, an industry which could, if not managed properly, destroy the environment.

The painful lessons of the older world are well studied. No Seychelles hotel is allowed to rise above the surrounding palm trees and none may get rid of waste into the sea. After a brief period of package holidays and mass tourism, the current policy is to attract the «quality visitor». Because the amount of visitors must be limited to protect the environment, the quality of the tourist matters a great deal. Lindsay Chong Seng, a conservationist in the Ministry of Tourism, considers the economics extremely important: you have to earn as much as you can from each tourist if numbers are to be kept down. «A perfect tourist is active, hires a car, flies to other islands, takes boat trips, eats out, goes diving, spends money. When you get mass tourists without a lot of spending money, all you find is that the shops do no business and the local bus service is overcrowded.»

Atterville Ceydras, the nature warden1 on one of the islands, says that tourists have got to accept nature. «If it rains, that's nature, that's good. If the wind blows seaweed up on the beaches, that's nature. They say they come to see nature, they've got to put up with it.»

Not all do so. The international travel business has, over the last twenty years, made the mistake of letting the Seychelles be sold in Europe as a «Holiday Paradise2».

Tourists are now going who should probably not go — like ladies in elegant shoes who will not follow muddy walkways.

Many others, more inclined for adventure and the wonders of the world, do not go. Probably some rich, green-minded Westerners avoid it because of a guilty feeling that tourism spoils such places.

1 nature warden —природоохранник

2 paradise—рай

Test № 15

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. The opening of Male airport led to destroying the island's environment.

2. The period of mass tourism in the Seychelles didn't last long.

3. According to the text, all the tourists who visit the Seychelles at the moment are people for whom such holiday is not really suitable.

4. The Seychelles are not popular with tourists inclined for adventure and the wonders of the world.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why is tourism important for the" Seychelles?

2. What is the economic policy towards tourists at present?

3. Who is a perfect tourist, according to a conservationist in the Ministry of Tourism?

4. What is the state of local trade and business at the time of mass tourism?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Seychelles hotels are not allowed to rise above the surrounding houses.

2. The Seychelles have been advertised as a «Holiday Paradise» all over the world.



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