Public and private security
There is a great deal of public sympathy for the police. It is felt that they are doing an increasingly difficult job under difficult circumstances. The assumption that their role is to serve the public rather than to be agents of the government persists. Police officers often still address members of the public as 'sir' or 'madam'. Senior officers think it is important for the police to establish a relationship with local people, and the phrase 'community policing' is
now fashionable. Some police have even started to patrol on foot again. Generally speaking, the relationship between police and public in Britain compares quite favourably with that in some other European countries. British police still do not carry guns in the course of normal duty (although all police stations have a store of weapons).
The police are not, of course, above the law. When they arrest somebody on suspicion of having committed a crime, they have to follow certain procedures. For example, unless they obtain special permission, they are not allowed to detain a person for more than twenty-four hours without formally charging that person with having committed a crime. Even after they have charged somebody, they need permission to remand that person in custody (i.e. to keep him or her in prison) until the case is heard in court. In 1994 public concern about criminals ‘getting away with it’ led the government to make one very controversial change in the law.
The fear of crime seems to have increased a lot. This has gone together with a lack of confidence in the ability of the police to catch criminals. In the early 1990s private security firms were one of the fastest-growing businesses in the country. Another response to the perceived situation has been the growth of Neighbourhood Watch schemes. They attempt to educate people in crime prevention and to encourage the people of a particular neighbourhood to look out for anything suspicious. In 1994 the government was even considering helping members of these schemes to organize patrols
Most people do not realize that we depend more on private services for our security than on public police officers. Private policing, or private security, assumed a major role during the westward movement of our nation.
One name stands out in the history of private policing in the United States: Allan Pinkerton. In 1849 he became Chicago’s first detective. A year later he set himself up as a private detective, and thus started the private detective business in America. During the Civil War he served in the Union army as a major and set up its successful espionage system. After the war Pinkerton’s agents became the tools of management in labor disputes. The brutal force
used by “the Pinkerton” to break strikes became notorious.
In the past, few skills were needed to do the work. The development of sophisticated security systems requires technical and management skills. Executive protection requires intelligence, training, and often language skills. Contract security agencies have vastly upgraded their recruitment and educational
Task 2.Mark the statements which are true.
1. There’s a great deal of public sympathy for the police.
2. The assumption that the police are more agents of the government thanthey serve the public still persists.
3. The job of the police is not so difficult as many people think.
4. It is important for the police to establish a relationship with local people and the phrase “community policing” is now fashionable.
5. All British police patrol on foot.
6. The relationship between police and public in Britain is worse than in other European countries.
7. British police carry guns on patrol.
8. The police are above the law.
9. The police are not allowed to detain a person for more than twenty-nine hours without charging a suspect with having committed a crime.
10. If the police have charged somebody they can remand a suspect in custody.
11. The fear of crime seems to have increased a lot.
12. In the early 1990s the public didn’t believe that the police were able to catch criminals.
13. In the 1990s private security assumed a major role in Britain.
14. Neighborhood watch schemes educate
Task 3.Complete the following sentences.
1. The police are doing a difficult job under … .
2. The role of the police is to serve … .
3. Police officers address members of the public as … .
4. When the police arrest somebody on suspicion of having committed a crime, they … .
5. In 1994 public concern about criminals “getting away with it” led the government … .
6. The fear of crime has gone together with the lack of confidence … .
7. In 1849 Allan Pinkerton became … .
8. A year later he started … .
9. The development of sophisticated security system requires … .
10. Contract security agencies have upgraded … .
Task 4.Complete the following sentences with the words and phrases from the box.
theft; evidence; sentence; court; pleaded; arrest; charge; magistrate; fingerprints;
oath; detained; handcuff; found; investigate; fine; witnesses; cell.
A policeman was sent to .. the disappearance of some property from a hotel. When he arrived, he found that the hotel staff had caught a boy in one of the rooms with a camera and some cash. When the policeman tried to … the boy, he became violent and the policeman had to … him. At the police station the boy could not give a satisfactory explanation for his actions and the police decided to … him with the … of the camera and cash. They took his …, locked him in a …, and … him overnight. The next morning he appeared in … before the … . He took an … and … not guilty. Two …, the owner of the property and a member of the hotel staff, gave … . After both sides of the case had been heard the boy was … guilty. He had to pay a … of £50 and he was given a … of three months in prison suspended for two years.
Task 5.Answer the following questions to the text.
1. Why do the public in Britain sympathize with the police?
2. How do the police officers address members of the public?
3. What does the phrase “community policing” mean?
4. What are the current tends in the police work in Britain?
5. Why has the fear of crime increased among members of the public?
6. What do you know about the first private detective Allan Pinkerton?
7. Why do contract security agencies upgrade their recruitment standards?
8. How could the public control the job of private security?
Task 1.Fill in the gaps with the correct prepositions.
1. The police are doing a difficult job … difficult circumstances.
2. Some police have started to patrol … foot.
3. The police are not … the law.
4. When the police arrest somebody … suspicion … having committed a crime, they have to follow certain procedures.
5. The police are not allowed to detain a suspect, without formally charging that person … having committed a crime.
6. Even after police have charged a suspect, they need permission to remand him … custody.
7. The police attempt to educate people … crime prevention and to encourage them … a particular neighbourhood to look … … anything suspicious.
8. The public depend more … private services … security than … public police officers.
9. Public law enforcement was not able to keep … the demand … protection.
10. Private enterprises had to provide … their own protection.
11. Much remains to be done to bring private security … public control.
12. Private policing with continue to grow, but not … problems.
13. The development … security systems requires technical and management skills.
14. The private security benefits … the expensive training and experience public police officers.
Task 2.Produce the whole sentence in English.
1. It is felt that the police are doing (чрезвычайно трудную работу в сложных обстоятельствах).
2. When the police arrest somebody on suspicion of having committed a crime, (они должны придерживаться определенной процедуры).
3. Even after they have charged somebody, (полицейским нужно разрешение, чтобы держать подозреваемого под арестом до слушания дела в суде).
4. The police think it is important for the police (установить отношения с местными жителями).
5. In Britain some police (патрулируют пешком).
6. British police (не носят оружие во время патрулирования).
7. Much remains to be done (чтобы держать частные полицейские силы под контролем общественности и улучшить взаимоотношения между частной и государственной полицией
8. Voters were unwilling (увеличить бюджет полиции).
9. The police are not, of course, (выше закона).
10. Most people think that (мы зависим больше от частных служб полиции, чем от государственных полицейских сил).
Task 4.Choose the correct item.
1. The main role of British police is
A. to serve the public.
B. to be agents of the government.
C. to be agents of private security.
2. … is now very fashionable and important for British police.
A. Carrying guns on patrol
B. Driving fast in cars on patrol
C. “Community policing”
3. There’s a great deal of public … for the police in Britain.
4. In the 1990s “Neighbourhood Watch Schemes” educate people in
A. crime prevention.
B. keeping law and order.
C. patrolling in the streets with the police.
5. Public law enforcement was not able to keep up with … for protection.
6. Voters were unwilling to … police budgets.
7. In 1850 Alan Pinkerton started his private detective … in the USA.
8. After the war Pinkerton’s agents became the tools of management in
A. family disputes.
B. labour disputes.
C. company disputes.
9. … assumed a major role during the westward movement of the USA.
A. Public security
C. Private security
10. If you don’t want to be burgled ask … to visit your home and identify
weak points in it.
A. a crime prevention officer
B. Chief Inspector
11. Two teenagers attempted to … the local bank, but the police arrived before
they got away.
12. The police are not … the law.
13. The police follow certain procedure when they suspect somebody of
A. having committing a crime.
B. doing crimes.
Task 5.Read the text and decide which word A, B or C best fits each gap.
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