Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика





Класс Вариант 1

Раздел 2. Чтение

B2 Установите соответствие между заголовками 18 и текстами АG. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

The secret of successful small talk

1.Pay compliments.

2.Start with the obvious things.

3.Ask about their personal problems.

4.Turn the attention to others.

5.Avoid difficult themes.

6.It’s not so difficult.

7.Pay attention.

8.Use friendly body language.

 

A.You’re at a cocktail party. There are lots of people there but there’s nobody that you know. What do you do? The good conversationalist would choose to walk up to someone and introduce yourself. We all know people like that — people who can talk to anyone about anything. How do they do it? Well, the good news is that there is no great secret to small talk. There are just some simple techniques that anyone can use to start a conversation and keep it going.

B.In the film Annie Hall Diane Keaton and Woody Allen have just met and they want to impress each other. While they are talking their inner thought appear in sub-title on the screen. ’Listen to me-what a jerk.’ he probably thinks I’m stupid.’ Thoughts like these kill a conversation. So don’t try to impress other people. Just relax and be yourself. When you talk to someone you show that you are interested in them. So you don’t have to talk about deeply important things. Just talk about simple things like the weather or a television programme that you saw.

C.TV journalist Barbara Walters recalls that when she was younger she met the author, Truman Capote. She wanted to tell him that she liked his book. However, she thought that he must be tired of hearing that, so she just mumbled ’How do you do?’ and turned away. She forgot that everybody likes to receive a compliment and it’s an easy way into a conversation, especially if you follow it up with a question: ’I really liked your book. How long did it take you to write it?’ or ’That’s a nice jacket. Where did you buy it?’

D. Your face and your body can communicate much more than your words. If you stand with your arms folded or if you keep looking around the room, the conversation will quickly end because you will look uninterested. Instead, you should make eye contact; keep an open posture and smile. If you send out friendly messages, you will get friendly messages back.

E. A Victorian lady once compared the two British prime ministers, Gladstone and Disraeli. ’When you speak to Mr Gladstone’, she said, ’you think he is the most interesting man in the world. But when you speak to Mr Disraeli, you feel that you are the most interesting woman in the world.’ People like to talk about themselves and they will think you are fascinating if you ask questions that allow them to do so.

E But people often don’t listen properly. They are too busy thinking about the next thing that they themselves want to say. Good conversationalists listen carefully and they show that they are listening, too. They ask questions, nod their head in agreement or say things like ’Oh that sounds exciting’.

F. There are some topics that you should avoid. Don’t ask people about personal problems, money or religion. It’s also a good idea to avoid the kind of statements that say ’I’m right. You’re wrong’. It’s all right to express your opinions but soften your comments with expressions such as ’I’m afraid I have to disagree with you there’. So, there is no secret to successful small talk. Just follow these simple rules and you’ll soon find that you can hold a pleasant conversation with anybody about anything.

A В С D E F G
             

 

В3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски АG частями предло­жений, обозначенными цифрами 1 — 7. Одна из частей в списке 1 — 7 — лишняя.Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

August 1997

I will never forget what I was doing when I heard about the death of Princess Diana. It was Sunday morning and A __________ . I got up and made myself a cup of coffee. It was about ten past seven. At that time there is usually some farming news on the radio. On Sundays there are also religious programmes. I don’t usually listen to the radio early on Sunday mornings but I switched it on.

A woman in the studio was asking questions and a man was answering them by telephone. The man said: ’We must think about the children at this tragic time.’ Tragic? What was he thinking about? В __________ and a few seconds later the woman said: ’We have changed this morning’s programmes to bring you news of the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.’ I felt a terrible shock and С _________. That morning I telephoned about 25 people but D_________. . We didn’t know what to do. Eventually my sister and I decided to go to Kensington Palace, where Diana lived.

E __________ , there were about a thousand of people there. Some of them were putting flowers at the palace gates. Others were standing quietly in Kensington Gardens. A lot of people were crying and embracing each other. There were a lot of journalists and photographers. My sister was very angry F __________. ’Go away!’ she shouted at one of them. ’This is all your fault!’

1.when we arrived

2.I listen more careful

3.when she saw them

4.I couldn’t sleep

5.everyone was in deep shock

6.I was doing nothing

7.I couldn’t believe it

 

A В С D E F
           

 

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необ-ходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4 — В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4 — В10.

 

 

В4 ’Cars cause pollution and should _______ from BAN

Centers city centers.’ What do you think? In the past,

people travelled by horse and so city

 

B5centers ________for cars. They were built for rid- NOT DESIGN

ers and pedestrians. The question now is: should

we adapt them for cars or should we make city

centres car-free zones? Cars cause lead pollu-

tion and thousands of children have asthma or

suffer brain damages. Cars also cause

B6 noise pollution and can stop people ________. SLEEP

 

В7 People ________ every day on the roads in car ac- KILL

cidents and also in road rage incidents where

drivers attack other drivers. It’s awful! So why

do we have cars? For getting around, of course,

and to make it easy to get from one place to an-

other. They carry as much luggage as we want

 

В8and are ________ than public transport. FAST

 

B9 If we banned cars from city centres, we ________ NEED

big car parks and then free public transport to

our destination. People might walk more and be

healthier.

B10 In the future who ________ what will happen? Sci- KNOW

ence may solve the problem. We may have elec-

tric or solar-powered cars that know where they

are going. Things will certainly be different.

 

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11 — В16, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11 — В16.

B11 The film “Titanic” made in the US in 1997 EXPENSIVE

the _______ film ever made at almost $250

million. Starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate

Winslet, it was directed by James Cameron

and won 11 Oscars, including the Oscar for the best film.

 

B12 Why is the film so ________? Miranda, aged 13, SUCCESS

has seen the film three times and now has the

video. ’I almost know the script by heart,’ she

says, ’and I still have tears in my eyes at the end.

B13 It makes a big ________ to me to think that it’s a DIFFER

true story. It really happened.’

B14Her mother is by the research. ’James PRESS

Cameron spent an enormous amount of time

and money to get everything just right and ex-

actly as it was on the real Titanic. It’s a great

story and there’s never a dull moment in the

film.’ George agrees that the special effects

B15 are ________ , but says, ’I didn’t much like the CREDENT

love story

B16 and some parts were rather _________.It was long PREDICT

too — so I don’t think I’ll see it again.’

 

 

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 — А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22 — А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

 

The price of fame

Charlotte Church looks like a normal teenager but she is far from average. She has an amazing voice. Her fans stand in queues for hours to get tickets for her concerts and she is often on television. Charlotte’s singing A22 _________began when she performed on a TV show at the age of 11. The head of record company was so impressed by her voice that he A23 _________her up on the spot. Her first album rose to number one in the charts.

Charlotte still attends school in her home town when she can. A24 _______, she is often away on tour for weeks at a time. She doesn’t miss out on lessons, though, because she takes her own tutor with her! She spends three hours every morning with him. Her exam results in all the |A25 __________she studies are impressive.

But how does she A26 ___________ with this unusual way of life? SheA27________

that she has the same friends as before. That way be true but she can no longer go into town with them because everybody stops her in the street to ask for her autograph. It seems that, like most stars, she must learn to A27 _________these restrictions and the lack of privacy. It’s the price of fame!

 

A22 1) profession 2) job 3) labour 4) career
A23 1) signed 2) wrote 3) made 4) picked
A24 1) Although 2) While 3) For 4) However
A25 1) titles 2) materials 3) subjects 4) lessons
A26 1) cope 2) adjust 3)bear 4) tolerate
A27 1) denies 2) refuses 3) insists 4)complains
A28 1) look down on 2) make do with 3) put up with 4) run out of

 





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