Welcome to the Smithsonian





When you visit any of the Smithsonian’s 19 museums and galleries or the National zoo, you are entering the largest museum complex in the world. This complex holds about 137 million unique objects in its trust for the American people.

The Smithsonian was established in 1846 with funds given to the United States by James Smithson, an English scientist. The main idea was to increase and spread knowledge for free. And now all Smithsonian institutions are still devoted to public education, A______________________________.

Ten Smithsonian museums and galleries are located in the centre of the U.S. capital. Six other museums and the National zoo are nearby in the Washington metropolitan area, B______________________________.

The 19th and the newest museum C______________________________ is the National Museum of African American history and culture. It is now operating in the form of a virtual museum. Its key feature is the memory book, D______________________________. These diverse memories are linked to each other and to the museum content, E______________________________.

The Smithsonian complex is home to the world’s foremost research centres in science, the arts and the humanities. Besides the basic research F______________________________, there are a number of special facilities. Conservation centre at the zoo studies rare and endangered species, environment centre carries out research in ecosystems in the coastal area.

1. that is carried on regularly in each of the museums
2. providing different materials in the arts, science and history
3. placing a spotlight on people and events in African American history
4. that has to be established within the Smithsonian complex
5. which allows website visitors to upload their own stories or images
6. and visitors can enjoy watching rare exhibits daily
7. and two museums are situated in New York City  
A B C D E F
               

 

//Ответ: A-2, B-7, C-4, D-5, E-3, F-1.

Вариант 10

 

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A – F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1 – 7. Одна из частей в списке 1 – 7 – лишняя. Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

 

National Gallery of Art

The National Gallery of Art was created in Washington D.C. for the people of the United States in 1937. It started with the gift of the financier and art collector A______________________________. His gift also included a building to house the new museum, to be constructed on the National Mall. Opened to the public in 1941, this grand building, B______________________________, was at the time the largest marble structure in the world.

The newly created National Gallery soon attracted similar gifts from hundreds of other collectors. This tradition of generosity continues to this day with gifts from private donors and artists C______________________________.

The gallery’s East building contains the collection of modern and contemporary painting, sculpture, D______________________________. The East and West buildings are connected by an underground tunnel with a moving walkway.

The National Gallery enjoys federal support, E______________________________, to fulfill its mission to exhibit and interpret great works of European and American art in the nation’s collection. Since its founding, federal funds have fostered the protection and care of the art collection and have supported the gallery’s work, ensuring F______________________________. Private funding helped to create a renowned collection of works of art and to construct the two landmark buildings. Private support makes possible to arrange a changing programme of special exhibitions.

 

 

1. which is now called the West building
2. that the gallery brings daily profit to the country
3. who are willing to share their possessions with the public
4. who presented old master paintings and sculptures to the country
5. as well as partnership of public organizations
6. that the gallery is open daily and free of charge
7. as well as an advanced research centre and an art library  
A B C D E F
               

 

//Ответ: A-4, B-1, C-3, D-7, E-5, F-6.

Вариант 11

 

ПрочитайтетекстизаполнитепропускиA – Fчастямипредложений, обозначенными цифрами 1 – 7. Одна из частей в списке 1 – 7 – лишняя. Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

 

Wildlife Museum

The International Wildlife Museum is devoted to increasing knowledge and understanding of wildlife, as well as explaining the role of wildlife management in conservation. The museum is located in the beautiful Sonoran desert A______________________________. It provides a unique and quiet atmosphere for private parties or business meetings.

The museum was founded twenty years ago to exhibit over four hundred species of insects, mammals and birds. Some of the collections are more than 100 years old. All the animals B______________________________ were donated by various government agencies, wildlife centres, zoos and individuals.

Displays C______________________________, videos and interactive computers promote wildlife appreciation and conservation. Your visit is an excellent opportunity to see animals close up and gain a better understanding of their adaptive characteristics and habitats.

You can choose a self-guided tour and enjoy the freedom of exploring at your own pace. You can also choose a guided tour and allow an experienced museum instructor to lead you through the museum D______________________________. A typical visit takes about two hours. The Wildlife theatre seats 98 guests, E______________________________. It is equipped with an overhead projector system for computers and DVDs.

The International Wildlife Museum is an education programme of the Safari Club foundation. This charity organization funds and manages worldwide education projects including the museum programme F______________________________.

 

1. and it is used by the museum workers only
2. sharing highlights of each exhibit area
3. overlooking the city of Tucson in Arizona
4. and it is available for meetings, films and lectures
5. that show wild animals in their natural settings
6. that can be found now at the museum
7. that is devoted to wildlife conservation and protection  
A B C D E F
               

 

//Ответ: A-3, B-6, C-5, D-2, E-4, F-7.

 





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