For questions 26-75, read the sentences and decide which answer 1,2,3,4 or 5 best fits each space.





Text 3

 

For items 14-25 choose the best answer 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5.

Igneous rocks

Igneous rocks are the ____ (14) produced _____ (15) the cooling and _____ (16) of molten silicate material initially _____ (17) beneath the Earth's surface. Crystallization _____ (18) when cooling allows _____ (19) the growth of _____ (20) crystal grains. The _____ (21) rate and space available determine the size of the crystals that form. Large crystals form when _____ (22), molten silicate material _____ (23) ground, _____ (24) by the surrounding country rock, and therefore cools very slowly. When magma solidifies underground, _____ (25) forms intrusive (plutonic) igneous rocks.

 

14. 1. solid 2. solidification 3. solids 4. solidify 5. solidified
15. 1. with 2. by 3. on 4. into 5. to
16. 1.crystallizing 2. crystal 3. crystallity 4.crystallization 5. crystallography
17. 1. was formed 2. formed 3. forming 4. have formed 5. is formed
18. 1. occurrence 2. occurred 3. occurs 4. has occurred 5. occurring
19. 1. for 2. to 3. at 4. in 5. during
20. 1. mineralogical 2. mineralization 3. mineral 4. minerals 5. mineralogy
21. 1. cool 2. cooled 3. cold 4. cooling 5. has cooled
22. 1. magmatic 2. magmas 3. magma 4. magmatism 5. magmatical
23. 1.at 2. into 3. above 4.on 5. below
24. 1. was insulated 2. insulate 3. insulated 4. is insulated 5. insulates
25. 1. she 2. it 3. he 4. they 5. its

 

РАЗДЕЛ II: ЛЕКСИКО-ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИЙ БЛОК

For questions 26-75, read the sentences and decide which answer 1,2,3,4 or 5 best fits each space.

26. If we don’t hurry, we ______ late for the seminar on philosophy. 1. are 2. should be 3. shall be 4. will been 5. would have been
27. -Are you free on Monday? - Sorry, I am not. I _____ part in the conference. 1. am taking 2. will take 3. will be taking 4. take 5. took
28. The money _________ not enough to pay the bill. 1. are 2. was 3. has 4. were 5. be
29. Don’t phone me at 6 o’clock! I ____ my laboratory work then. 1. shall do 2. will be done 3. will have done 4. shall be doing 5. do
30. David _________ to be the best player of the team. 1. says 2. said 3. is said 4. is saying 5. has said
31. They ____ to their professor when I saw them. 1. talked 2. were talking 3. have talked 4. was talking 5. will be talking
32. Next month we _______ to Finland to take part in a national scientific conference. 1. are going 2. went 3. has gone 4. will go 5. go
33. I agreed with him only after I __________ his arguments. 1 .was hearing 2. heard 3. have heard 4. had heard 5. would hear
34. Before I _______ the laboratory the students already ______ their work. 1. leaves ............ have done 2. shall leave ................ will have done 3. leave ................ will have done 4. will leave ................ have been done 5. left ................. would done
35. While we _________ the test our groupmates ________ a rest in the park. 1. will be rewriting ......... have 2. shall rewriting ......... will have 3. will rewrite ......... shall have 4. are rewriting ......... will be having 5. shall be rewriting ........ has
36. I’m sure by next month all the obtained data ____________. 1. is systematized 2. has been systematized 3. shall be systematized 4. will have been systematized 5. would be systematized
37. His scientific work _______ at the previous conference. 1. was presented 2. will be presented 3. is presented 4. would be presented 5. presented
38. He explained that he _____ the report the day before. 1. has written 2. had written 3. wrote 4. would write 5. used to write
39. It _______ hard when I left the institute at five o’clock. 1. was going to rain 2. had been raining 3. was raining 4. used to rain 5. rained
40. He insisted on this material ____________ by experienced specialists.   1. studied 2. be studied 3. would be studied 4 being studied 5. will be studied
41. This programme ________ the whole last year. 1 was working out 2. worked out 3. would work out 4. was worked out 5. were working out
42. When I arrived, the group of researchers ____ yet _____ the problem of using a new method in their work. 1. are not….solving 2. had not ……solved 3. were not …..solving 4. have …..solved 5. had not…..solve
43. - What did he ask you? - He asked me where ______. 1. was I going 2. I am going 3. I went 4. I was going 5. I will go
44. I can’t go to the club tomorrow. My friend and I _______ for the exam the whole day. 1. will prepare 2. shall be preparing 3. prepared 4. is preparing 5. prepare
45. The lecturer wanted to know why the student _______ the previous lecture. 1. would missed 2. misses 3. will miss 4. has missed 5. had missed
Oil is known to be one of the most important sources of energy. 1. Нефть известна самым важным источником энергии. 2. Известно, что нефть была самым важным источником энергии. 3. Известно, что нефть является самым важным источником энергии. 4. Было известно, что нефть – самый важный источник энергии. 1. Считается, что нефть всегда была важным источником энергии.
47. Many different factors are taken into account in choosing a prospecting method. 1. Много различных факторов принимали во внимание, выбирая метод разведки. 2. Различные факторы принимают во внимание, выбирая методы разведки. 3. При выборе методов разведки необходимо принять во внимание множество факторов. 4. Много различных факторов принимается во внимание при выборе метода разведки. 5. В выборе метода разведки имеют место много разных факторов.
48. Young scientists are well-educated enough to carry out this research successfully. 1. Молодые ученые достаточно хорошо образованы, чтобы успешно провести это исследование. 2. Молодые специалисты имеют достаточно хорошее образование и успешно проводят это исследование. 3. Молодые ученые очень хорошо образованы, чтобы проводить это исследование самостоятельно. 4. Молодые ученые хорошо образованы, чтобы успешно проводить эти исследования. 5. Молодые ученые довольно хорошо образованы, чтобы успешно провести это исследование.
49. The richer is the organic material, the darker is the colour of beds. 1. Богатый органический материал – причина темного цвета пласта. 2. Чем богаче органический материал, тем темнее цвет пластов. 3. Чем богаче органическая материя, тем темнее цвет кроватей. 4. Органический материал богат, а цвет пластов темен. 5. Более насыщенный органический материал делает цвет пластов темным.
50. Topography shaped by glaciers differs sharply from that shaped by running water. 1. Топография ледников отличается от топографии воды. 2. Рельеф поверхности, сформированный ледниками, слабо отличается от рельефа, сформированного водой. 3. Топография ледников и воды всегда отличается. 4. Рельеф сформировал различные ледники и текущую воду. 5. Рельеф, сформированный ледниками, резко отличается от рельефа, сформированного потоками воды.
51. He remembered reading about such strange phenomena in foreign scientific journals. 1. Он помнит, что уже читал о подобном странном явлении в зарубежных научных журналах. 2. Он помнил, что читал о подобных явлениях в зарубежных научных журналах. 3. Он вспомнил, что читал о подобном странном явлении в зарубежных научных журналах. 4. Он помнил, что уже читал о подобных странных явлениях в зарубежных научных журналах. 5. Он вспомнил, что уже читал о странных явлениях в зарубежных журналах.
52. He told me that I _______ attend preliminary courses if I wanted to enter the institute.   1. may to 2. will have to 3. shouldn’t 4. had to 5. can
53. Among the nine planets that speed around the sun the Earth is _____ the largest _____ the most massive. 1. either … nor 2. neither …..or 3. either ……or 4. neither…..nor 5. no…….no
54. _______ destructive effects have taken place over the past centuries. 1. Much 2. A little 3. Many 4. Little 5. More
55. -He does not enjoy horror films. - _________. 1. So did I 2. So I do 3. Neither do I 4. Neither did I 5. Neither I do
56. -Why are you upset? - _______ time Pete rings me he asks for money. 1. every 2. all 3. each 4. both 5. some
57. Is there _________ in the office? 1. anywhere 2. somewhere 3. anybody 4. nobody 5. nowhere
58. Nobody has seen _____ today. 1. his 2. he 3. they 4. him 5. their
59. -Is that Jane and Mary’s house? - No, _________ is the one across the road. 1. theirs 2. their 3. hers 4. there 5. them
60. That boy, ________ father is a violinist, is very musical. 1. who 2. which 3. that 4. whose 5. who’s
61. The new discovery is being ________ spoken about. 1. many 2. most 3. much 4. the most 5. a few
62. Our lecturer wanted to see _____ but I didn’t want to see ______. 1. me ............. him 2. my ................ them 3. to they.......... to me 4. them ......... me 5. me ............... his
63. This is _________ book I’ve ever read. 1. more brilliant 2. the most brilliant 3. most brilliant 4. the brilliant 5. the brilliantest
64. He will have sent in his application ___the end of May. 1. by 2. until 3. till 4. yet 5. when
65. ______ love is the reason for much happiness in the world. 1. the 2. a 3. - 4. an 5. many
66. I need a break. I think I will go to the seaside _____ Easter. 1. in 2. on 3. at 4. from 5. by
67. I started a new job as a telephone operator ______ the beginning of this year. 1. after 2. on 3. - 4. upon 5. in
68. The secondary seismic waves don’t pass _______ liquid. 1. through 2. in 3. out of 4. on 5. -
69. I do not like ___________ rainy weather. 1. - 2. a 3. these 4. the 5. one
70. I’ll show you the results of my activity ________ the beginning of May. 1. between 2. on 3. in 4. when 5. for
71. В этом году он поступил в институт. 1. This year he entered the institute. 2. In this year he has entered the institute. 3. This year he enters the institute. 4. This year he has entered the institute. 5. On this year he entered the institute.
72. If you hadn’t processed all data, your report __________. 1. doesn’t publish 2. will not publish 3. hadn’t been published 4. haven’t published 5. wouldn’t have been published
73. The Mining Institute is known _______ young specialists for oil industry for many years. 1. have been training 2. train 3. to have been training 4. has trained 5. is training
74. If ____________ busy now, I would not help you. 1. were 2. will be 3. be 4. was 5. will have been
75. I _____ not ______ it possible if I hadn’t seen it happen. 1. had….believed 2. will …. believe 3. would .. .believe 4. would ….have believed 5. will……have believed

 





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