THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE




The Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense.

Настоящее простое (неопределенное) время

The PrST denotes a permanent (постоянный), recurrent action (повторяющееся действие), a habit (привычка). Pay attention to the following indications of time:

always - всегда never – никогда usually – обычно regularly - регулярно, постоянно occasionally - иногда, изредка from time to time - время от времени sometimes – иногда seldom – редко rarely - редко often – часто as a rule – как правило nowadays - в наши дни; теперь; в наше время   once a year twice a week three/ four times a day every minute, hour, day, week, month, year inthe morning, afternoon, evening atnight onSunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Утвердительное предложение:

+ S + V

Igo to the cinema every weekend. Я хожу в кинотеатр каждые выходные. (я делаю это регулярно, обычно, иногда)

I go to school every day. - Я хожу в школу каждый день.
We often play basketball. - Мы часто играем в баскетбол.
Children usually like parties. - Дети обычно любят праздники.

 

НО!!!

Если подлежащее S выражено местоимениями он, она, оно – к глаголу добавляется окончание –s.

He +She Vs It

She speaks 2 foreign languages. - Она говорит на 2 иностранных языках.
It takes me 10 minutes to get to the University. - Дорога до университета занимает у меня 10 минут.

Отрицание: для образования отрицательных предложений используется вспомогательный глагол do или does (только для местоимений he, she, it), отрицательная частица NOT и смысловой глагол без каких-либоокончаний.

- S do// does not V

 

I don’t (do not) go to the cinema.

We don’t play..

Children do not like

 

She does not speak English.

Michael does not listen to jazz.

 

Вопросительные формы: вспомогательный глагол занимает первое место!

Общий вопрос (general question) требует ответа yes/ no (да или нет).

- Do/ does S V?

Do you go…?

Do we play…?

Do they like…?

 

Does she speak…?

Does he listen to jazz?

 

Special Question (специальный вопрос)содержит вопросительные слова что, где, когда и т.д.

Interrogative Word Auxiliary Verb Subject Predicative
Where – где, куда When – когда What – что, какой Which – какой Why – почему How – как Whose – чей Whom – кому, кого How long – как долго How many/much – как много DO I WE YOU THEY   VERB
DOES HE SHE IT   VERB

Where do we work?

When do they come home?

Why do you need a dictionary?

What books do you read?

Whom do we meet after school?

НО:

Where does he work?

When does Marry come home?

Why does it rain so often?

What books does my uncle like?

Whom does Mike sometimes meet?

Исключение –вопрос «кто» WHO, который строится без вспомогательного глагола.

Who + Vs?

Who comes?

Who helps?

Who knows?

Общая таблица формул времени:

 

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

(A) Add s / es / ies to the following verbs:

1. do ____________ 8. worry____________

2. study ____________ 9. play ____________

3. teach ____________ 10. grow ____________

4. say ____________ 11. watch____________

5. cry ____________ 12. miss ____________

6. dance ____________ 13. hurry ____________

7. fix ____________ 14. stop ____________

(B) Circle the correct answer :

1. I plays / playtennis every afternoon.

2. My parents live / livesin Ramat-Gan.

3. Tom listens / listento the radio in the morning.

4. We eat / eats eggs for breakfast every morning.

5. My dog barks / bark at night.

6. Mrs. Gold sweep / sweeps the stairs once a week.

7. My brother never watches / watch television.

8. My family go / goes to the beach together in the summer.

9. I often eat / eats dinner at my grandmother’s house.

10. Sharon do / does her homework regularly.

11. They takes / take a bath daily.

12. You seldom listen / listens in class.

13. Dana and Liat goes / go to the swimming pool every afternoon.

14. I never hurt / hurts my cat.

15. He never finish / finishes his work on time.

 

(C) Make positive, negative and interrogative present simple sentences:

1) (we / often watch TV)

2) (I / hate mushrooms)

3) (she / visit her grandmother every Christmas)

4) (they / use the Internet every evening)

5) (you / often go swimming)

6) (John / hate waiting for the bus)

7) (Lucy and Jill / want to go out tonight)

8) (I / usually stay at home on Fridays)

9) (he / love driving fast cars)

10) (they / often have parties)

11) (she / take a piano lesson every Monday)

12) (we / like watching French films)

13) (you / go to bed very early)

14) (I / always eat breakfast)

15) (they / often arrive late)

16) (he / live in Beijing)

17) (David / work in a school)

18) (she / read a lot of novels)

19) (the Queen / like her dogs)

20) (I / cook almost every night)

21) (he / go to school every day)

22) (I / like swimming)

23) (you / play badminton on Saturdays)

24) (the class / begin at 9 a.m.)

25) (they / sometimes go to the cinema)

(D) Make questions with the word groups, using (do) or (does).

1. (Where/she/live) _________________________________________________________?

2. (When/you/play/soccer) ____________________________________________________?

3. (What/he/eat/for/lunch) ____________________________________________________?

4. (When/they/come/home/from/school)_________________________________________?

5. (she/want/to/work/in/the/office) _____________________________________________?

6. (your/mother/take/you/to/school)_____________________________________________?

7. (What/time/you/get/up)____________________________________________________?

8. (Where/your/father/work) __________________________________________________?

9. (Julia/live/in/Colorado) ____________________________________________________?

10. (How/Juan/and/David/go/to/school)___________________________________________?

 

(E) Put the verbs into the correct form of the Present Simple.

The swimming bath (open) at 9.00 and (close) at 18.30 every day.

What time (the bank / close) in Britain?

I have a car but I (not / use) it very often.

How many cigarettes (you / smoke) a day?

"What (you / do)?" - "I am an electrical engineer."

"Where (your father / come) from?" - "He (come) from Scotland."

If you need money, why (you / not / get) a job?

I (play) the piano, but I (not / play) very well.

I don`t understand the word "deceive". What ("deceive" / mean)?

(F) FILL IN THE GAPS WITH THE CORRECT QUESTION WORD (Why, When, What…)

___________ is your favourite pop star? Justin Timberlake.

___________ is your birthday? On 5th March.

___________ are you laughing? Because you are very funny.

___________ are you? I’m the Queen of England.

___________ old is she? She’s twelve years old.

___________ are you going? To the shopping centre.

___________ are you looking for? I’m looking for a new sweatshirt.

___________ is he wearing? He’s wearing trainers and a tracksuit.

___________ does he look like? He’s tall and slim.

___________ often do you go to the dentist’s?

...





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