You have to talk continuously.





Вариант 2

Task 1. You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

 

We are always told that we should clean our teeth regularly to keep them healthy and to have fresh breath. It is believed that people started using a kind of paste to clean their teeth around 5000 years ago. However, the ingredients of these tooth powders were very different from ours. For example, the people of ancient Egypt used salt, mint, dried flowers and pepper to create tooth powder. Later, in the 18th century, in some countries in Europe, people brushed their teeth with burnt bread. The first toothpaste appeared in 1890, in Great Britain. At first it was sold in jars. Then special tubes were designed to make the toothpaste more comfortable to use.

 

Task 2. You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question. FILM INDUSTRY 1. How often do you go to the cinema? 2. What kinds of films do you like most? 3. Why do you think many people prefer watching films at home? 4. What do you like to do in your free time? 5. How can films in English help students improve their English? 6. What film would you recommend your friend see and why?

 

Task 3. You are going to give a talk about your school. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

· what you like most about your school;

· what weekday you find the most difficult, and why;

· what you would like to change in your school life.

You have to talk continuously.

 

LISTENING

A B C D
       

1 On an excursion

2. At the airport

3. In a classroom

4. In a restaurant

5. On board a ship

 

 

A B C D E
         

1. The speaker describes the school sports facilities.

2. The speaker describes his/her school library.

3. The speaker describes his/her schoolmates.

4. The speaker explains why he/she had to change school.

5. The speaker explains why he/she was late for school.

6. The speaker talks about his/her favourite school subject.

 

3/ Nora

 

1) is having a birthday party tonight.

2) had a birthday party some time ago.

3) is going to have a birthday party later.

 

4/ Nora

1) has passed her Maths exam.

2) has failed her Maths exam.

3) is going to take her Maths exam later.

 

5/ Nora

1) has chosen her future career already.

2) is choosing between two careers at the moment.

3) has no idea what to do in the future.

 

6/ Next year Nora is going to

1) start working.

2) enter university.

3) continue her school education.

 

7/ In the summer Nora wants to

1) go to Italy.

2) go to France.

3) stay at home.

 

8/ Nora can speak

1) Italian and French.

2) Spanish and French.

3) Spanish and Italian.

 

A B C D E F G
             

1. Local legends

2. Special in many ways

3. Tourist аttraction

4. Diverse wildlife

5. Protection of the ecosystem

6. Extinct species

7. Scientific expeditions

8. Harsh climate

 

 

A. The world’s deepest lake, the Baikal, is in Siberia. It is also the largest freshwater lake in Eurasia and the oldest lake on the Earth. At least 1,500 unique species live there - they cannot be found anywhere else on the planet! The water in the lake is so clear that if you drop a coin, it can be clearly seen a hundred feet below the water.

 

B. People who live in the Baikal region believe that it’s a unique and mysterious place. According to them, the water from Lake Baikal can cure different illnesses, gives you strength and clears your mind. They also say that the lake was formed millions of years ago when a huge, hot rock fell to earth. It melted the ice around and that was how Lake Baikal appeared. The story about the meteorite has, however, never been proved by scientists.

 

C. The lake has also become famous for its unique fish and birds that are not found in other waters. The lake is home to more than 1000 animal species. Among them there are the world’s only freshwater seals. There’s no evidence of how the seals got to the lake but they obviously enjoy their life there. Huge brown bears often come to the lake out of the forest to hunt and fish.

 

D. Though Lake Baikal is located in a very remote place, and is difficult to reach in autumn and winter, it attracts thousands of visitors every year. A chance to see this unique place is worth the long journey! On the banks of Lake Baikal you can stay in a modern, comfortable hotel, take part in hiking tours and enjoy the untouched natural beauty. People who have visited Lake Baikal once want to return to the place again and again.

 

E. However, the growing popularity of the lake and the industrial development of the region have caused ecological problems. The safety of this unique natural ecosystem has been discussed at an international level. Now Lake Baikal is on the list of heritage sites protected by UNESCO. A federal state law about the conservation of the lake was also supported in Russia.

 

F. The lake attracts not only tourists but also many wildlife researchers, biologists and even archaeologists. The world famous explorer and scientist, Jacques Cousteau, and his team spent lots of time studying the deep waters of Lake Baikal. They also shot a film about their research that was broadcast by major TV channels all over the world.

 

G. Everyone considers the Siberian climate very severe, which is perfectly true for the Baikal region. The winters there are really freezing - the average temperature is as low as -25 degrees Celsius. Due to its location in the middle of the continent, the place is characterised by a sharp contrast between winter and summer temperatures. The summers are generally cool, with a few hot days. The sun shines brightly above the lake till late autumn.

 

 

A Model Millionaire

Hugh Erskine was a charming young man, with brown hair and a clear-cut profile. After his father’s death, he inherited only an old cavalry sword and fifteen war books. To earn his living, Hugh had tried selling tea, then working at the stock exchange, but hadn’t succeeded. He had to live on the little money he managed to earn. It was no more than a few hundred pounds.

To make matters worse he fell in love with Laura Merton. Hugh won Laura’s affection and they were the nicest couple in London. Laura’s father was very fond of Hugh, however, he said he could only let his daughter marry Hugh when the young man got ten thousand pounds. It was an enormous sum for Hugh.

One morning, on his way to Laura’s house, Hugh dropped in to see a great friend of his, Alan Trevor. Alan was a brilliant artist: a real master. His paintings were wonderful and sold very successfully.

When Hugh came in, he found Trevor finishing a life-size picture of a beggar-man. The beggar himself was standing on a platform in the corner of the studio. He was an elderly person, with a miserable expression on his face and poor, torn clothes over his body. He was an amazing model, absolutely different from Alan’s other models!

Trevor told Hugh that he paid the model a shilling an hour. Hugh said that the pay was unfair because the painter would get at least a thousand pounds for the picture. Hugh was sure that the model should be paid more for standing all day long in the studio. But Alan only smiled back. When Trevor went out for a moment, Hugh gave the beggar the only sovereign he had in his pocket. The old man smiled mysteriously and thanked Hugh.

The next day Hugh met Alan Trevor in the club. Trevor confessed that the beggar was Baron Hausberg, the richest man in London, and Trevor’s great friend. He bought many of his pictures and that day he had asked to paint him in beggar’s clothes. Trevor also said that he had told Baron about Hugh’s love and money problems.

“And I gave him a sovereign!” Hugh cried out, red with shame. Trevor continued laughing loudly. He added that Baron Hausberg was in high spirits after Hugh had left and was rubbing his hands together. Nevertheless, Hugh was so unhappy that he asked Trevor not to tell the story to anyone else and left the club.

The next morning the servant brought Hugh a visiting card. The visitor, an old man in golden spectacles, was from Baron Hausberg. As he came into the room, Hugh expressed sincere apologies to the Baron. Instead the man handed Hugh an envelope. On the outside it was written, ‘A wedding present to Hugh Erskine and Laura Merton, from an old beggar’.

Hugh opened the envelope. Inside, there was a cheque for ten thousand pounds.

 

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10. Hugh inherited a few hundred pounds from his father.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Конец формы

 

 

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11. Money was a necessary condition for Hugh’s marriage.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Конец формы

 

 

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12. Alan Trevor was a world famous painter.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Конец формы

 

 

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13. During Hugh’s visit, Trevor was painting an old man.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

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14. In Hugh’s opinion, Alan Trevor paid his model enough money for his work.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Конец формы

 

 

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15. Baron Hausberg was a talented artist himself.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Конец формы

 

 

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16. Hugh told Baron Hausberg his love story.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

 

Конец формы

 

 

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17. Baron Hausberg sent the money to Hugh by post.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 1826, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 1826.

 

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Susan’s father often had to go to different countries on business. That evening, he came home 18__________________ than usual. LATE

 

 

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He looked tired. Susan 19__________________ that the next week her father was going to China to discuss a new project. KNOW

 

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At dinner, her father asked Susan if she _20_________________ to go with him. It was a bit unexpected but Susan liked the idea at once. WANT

 

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It was her_21_________________birthday in a few days. SIXTEEN

 

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And Susan thought it _22_________________ fun to celebrate it abroad. BE

 

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However, there was one thing she wanted to clear up before the trip: “Are you going to be busy from morning till night? I _23_________________ to sit in the hotel all the time alone.” NOT/WANT

 

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“You won’t have to,” her father reassured Susan. “I __24________________ all the project papers already. So, while our partners are studying them, we’ll have plenty of time for sightseeing.” PREPARE

 

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“Great!” Susan ran up to her room to pack.

“Remember to take some comfortable shoes. Otherwise your 25 __________________ will hurt after the long excursions.” Her father’s advice was always practical. FOOT

 

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In half an hour everything26__________________in a suitcase and Susan called her best friend to tell her the news. PACK

 

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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2732, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 2732.

Lots of companies do business online. They sell goods and services, or provide 27_________INFORM_________ to the general public. Doing business online is less 28_________EXPENSE_________ and more convenient than running a traditional business, with offices and lots of employees. Surprisingly enough, there are lots of very young people among online businessmen. In spite of their age, they are quite 29_________SUCCESS_________ and professional. For example, Ben Collins started his own online company when he was 30_________REAL_________ young. He was only 17. He says, “My business is 31________NATIONAL__________ - we work with people from different countries. In a real office, some people would 32_________AGREE_________ that someone of my age could be a boss, but when I work online, nobody cares how old I am.”





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