A FEW WORDS ABOUT THE WAY OF LIVING AND TRADITIONS
Great Britain is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles lie to the north-west of Europe. They comprise two large islands -Great Britain and Ireland and about 5000 small islands.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is washed by the Irish Sea, the North Sea, the Atlantic Ocean and the English Channel. The total area is 244.000 square kilometers.
The surface of England and Ireland is flat, but the surface of Scotland and Wales is mountainous. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland.
There are many rivers and beautiful lakes in the country. The rivers are not long. The chief rivers are the Severn, the Thames and the Trent. The climate is mild. It is typically maritime. The winters are warm, the summers are cool and the weather is very changeable.
The population is over 56 million. The capital is London. The main industrial centres are Sheffild, Birmingham and Manchester.
Great Britain is a highly - developed, industrial, capitalist country. Shipbuilding, machine-building, electronic engineering now are the main branches of Great Britain's industry.
Great Britain is a monarchy, but the power of the Queen is limited by the Parliament. Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Великобритания расположена на Британских островах. Британские острова лежат на северо-западе Европы. Они состоят из двух больших островов -Великобритании и Ирландии, и около 5000 мелких островов.
London is the capital of Great Britain. London is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest port and industrial town in England.
The heart of the capital is the City. The territory of the City is only about one square mile, but it is the financial and business centre of the country.
The West End of London is famous for its beautiful monuments and palaces, fine parks, fashionable shops and big hotels. The East End is the district of factories, plants and the docks.
There are many places of interest in London. Buckingham Palace is the royal residence. The Houses of Parliament are the seat of the British government. The Tower of London is one of the most interesting places in London. It was a fortress, a royal residence, a prison, now it is a museum. Not far from the tower you can see the Tower Bridge, one of the finest bridges in London. London is famous for its green parks. Hyde Park is the most popular of them.
London is the centre of the country's cultural life. There are many picture galleries and museums there. The famous British Museum is one of the best museums in the world.
Лондон является столицей Великобритании. Лондон является одним из крупнейших городов мира и крупнейший порт и промышленный город в Англии.
THE WEATHER IN ENGLAND
In England the weather is very changeable; a fine morning may change into a wet afternoon and evening. And a miserable morning may change to a fine afternoon.
The two worst months in Britain are January and February. One may get many cold wet days one after the other. The best place in the world then is at home by the big fire.
In winter the snow falls and covers the streets and fields. Boys like snow; they make balls of it and go "snowballing"—throwing them at passers-by or at one another. Sometimes the members of a family go out and make a big figure of snow—a snow-man. They put an old pipe in its mouth and a hat on its head.
When two Englishmen meet they often begin their conversation talking about the weather. The weather is always a topic for conversation and a good one. They do this because they do not know each other well enough to talk about personal matters; they may not wish to talk about politics until they know each other better, so they are glad to have a topic about which they cannot quarrel with each other.
В Англии погода очень переменчивая; штраф утро может меняться во влажную днем и вечером. И жалкое утро может измениться к штрафу днем.
A FEW WORDS ABOUT THE WAY OF LIVING AND TRADITIONS
OF THE BRITISH PEOPLE
The traffic regulations in Great Britain differ from ours: we are to keep to the right, while they are to keep to the left.
The English buses are very high, because they are double-decked; all of them are red.
The houses are not very big; they are mostly two-storeyed buildings with little gardens. The windows of one and the same house are painted in different colours. And not only the windows, the doors, steps and walls are painted in different colours too. Everybody paints his own part of the house in the colour he likes best.
Central heating is found in very few houses even in London. In most rooms more is a fireplace. Englishmen are fond of spending their evenings round the fire. This is an old tradition.
The English people like tea more than coffee, that's why there are so many tea-rooms or tea-shops where the people go shopping and can have a rest.
Sunday is a very quiet day in London. All the shops, theatres and most of the cinemas are closed. Londoners like to go out of town on Sundays. It is also their tradition.
НЕСКОЛЬКО СЛОВ ОБ ОБРАЗЕ ЖИЗНИ И ТРАДИЦИЯХ
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