business 2) shut 3) do 4) student 5) sure 6) but 7) put




Look 9) just 10) full 11) tune 12) number 13) usual 14) sure 15) book

 

1.20. Найдите в ряду все слова, содержащие указанный в начале строки звук; подчеркните букву или буквосочетание, которые его передают:

 

[eı] – 1) afraid 2) ahead 3) aim 4) aware 5) back 6) candidate 7) day

8) enjoy 9) explain 10) flat 11) game 12) idea 13) lazy 14)

main 15) matter 16) many 17) mistake 18) page 19) paper

20) pardon 21) place 22) plain 23) sad 24) say 25) star

26) stay 27) thank 28) they 29) vacation 30) what

 

[i:] – 1) ahead 2) bit) 3) behind 4) business 5) chance 6) clear 7) easy

8) earth 9) ever 10) help 11) idea 12) interview 13) lean 14) learn

15) line 16) mean 17) mind 18) mete 19) near 20) person 21) plain

22) quit 23) read 24) really 25) right 26) Spain 27) theory 28) these

29) very 30) where 31) yeah 32) season

 

[u:] – 1) about 2) book 3) busy 4) but 5) choose 6) club 7) full 8) good

9) how 10) my 11) number 12) put 13) tune 14) use 15) true

16) juice 17) usual 18) you

 

[u] – 1) do 2) lunatic 3) look 4) going 5) good 6) lose 7) full 8) number

9) result 10) book 11) tune 12) use 13) us 14) put 15) just 16) luck

 

[aU]/[au] – 1) about 2) who 3) how 4) tomorrow 5) really 6) out

7) two 8) without 9) away 10) now

 

[ju:] – 1) always 2) away 3) business 4) but 5) choose 6) few 7) full

8) new 9) news 10) how 11) interview 12) just 13) lunch

14) number 15) quickly 16) sure 17) tune 18) true 19) use

20) way 21) usual

 

[¸]– 1) all 2) always 3) aware 4) bare 5) car 6) chance 7) chat

8) contact 9) earth 10) fax 11) grand 12) hard 13) have

14) late 15) lunch 16) matter 17) mad 18) pal 19) pardon

20) page 21) part 22) stay 23) star 24) small 25) start

26) watch

 

[ý] – 1) clear 2) dirty 3) easy 4) form 5) longer 6) more 7) number

8) person 9) shatter 10) point 11) turn 12) tune 13) work

14) wonder 15) worth 16) per´haps 17) certain

 

[ı@] – 1) ahead 2) clear 3) earth 4) easy 5) here 6) mean 7) near

8) lean 9) idea 10) tire 11) theory 12) tired 13) serious

14) yeah

 

[E@] – 1) aware 2) clear 3) bare 4) read 5) learn 6) here 7) there

8) earth 9) mean 10) where 11) they 12) are

1.21. Прочитайте вслух слова, словосочетания и предложения; отметьте в них ударные элементы:

 

1) to go to stay to go or to stay

The problem is to go or to stay.

2) the aim

What is the aim? The aim is to win.

The aim is to win soon.

3) to contact how to contact

The problem is how to contact the office.

The problem is how to contact the right man.

The problem is how to contact you.

4) an idea It is an idea. It is a good idea.

It is a good idea to use.

5) to do to do the job

The task is to do the job.

The task is to do the job well.

The task is to do the job now.

6) the problem The problem is easy.

The problem is easy to solve.

The problem is easy to solve now.

7) sure I am sure. He is sure. He is always sure.

I am sure of the idea.

8) wrong the wrong idea the wrong man

the wrong place

He is wrong. He is often wrong.

9) a theory this theory

This theory is new. This is a new theory.

10) ideas these ideas

These ideas are good. These are good ideas.

11) that that story

That story is bad. That’ a bad story.

12) those those mistakes

Those mistakes are few. Those are bad mistakes.

13) aware I am aware. I am well aware.

I am well aware of the facts.

I am well aware of these facts.

I am well aware of these bare facts.

14) to explain to be able to explain

to be able to explain the idea

You are able to explain the idea.

You are to be able to explain the idea.

15) make make a film make a story

make a mistake make a choice

make an option make a decision

make the most of the idea

The aim is to make a film.

The task is to make a story.

The problem is how not to make a mistake.

The idea is how to make the right choice.

 

1.22. Прочтите рифмованные строки и составьте аналогичные:

 

The fact is bare. It is for everyone to be aware.

The same old task is easy. But again and again you are too busy!

If it is a mistake what is the next step we are to take?

If you know how start it right now.

It’s a nice day … – ehe – I’m really at a loss what else to say.

You are tired and not in the mood…? Nice food at the right time is always good.

– Our new English teacher is such a dear!

– The more reason for us to stay today here.

A person that zappy is no doubt very happy.

Reason is especially good in season.

Now we are to decide which is the objective side.

A job of that kind is not very easy to find.

A flat tyre is not a thing one would admire.

Train, train your brain. It’s for you not to get plain.

I bet I’m sort of wet.

What is real nice about your phone is its funny tone.

 

Упражнения

Часть 2

 

2.1. Произнесите следующие звуки:

 

[h] [n] [f] [e] [l] [j] [t] [d] [s] [dZ] [O] [k] [ö] [m] [D] [w] [z] [ı] [r] [¸] [@] [T] [E@] [aı] [eı] [g] [i:] [ý] [au] [ou] [{] [ı@] [þ] [u:] [j] [ju:] [Î] [p] [Îk] [OI]

 

 

2.2. Найдите в каждом ряду слово, первый звук которого обозначен в начале строки.

 

[f] – 1) to 2) for 3) help 4) loss

[w] – 1) you 2) who 3) just 4) what

[l] – 1) few 2) time 3) lose 4) clear

[g] – 1) gist 2) just 3) game 4) job

[s] – 1) come 2) sad 3) she 4) sure

[z] – 1) sell 2) same 3) choice 4) zappy

[d] – 1) do 2) go 3) get 4) grand

[³] – 1) good 2) going 3) gist 4) game

[b] – 1) very 2) bit 3) point 4) decide

[k] – 1) choose 2) help 3) kind 4) choice

[k] – 1) car 2) choose 3) choice 4) she

[h] – 1) choose 2) class 3) how 4) now

[p] – 1) point 2) report 3) phone 4) right

[r] – 1) picky 2) part 3) read 4) put

[ð] – 1) these 2) think 3) theory 4) thank

[θ] – 1) this 2) those 3) the 4) thing

[S ] – 1) choice 2) short 3) choose 4) chance

[¶ ] – 1) there 2) think 3) chat 4) short

 

2.3. Найдите в каждом ряду слово, звучание которого изображено транскрипцией в начале строки

 

[tu:] – 1) true 2) two 3) to 4) take

[lOŋ] – 1) form 2) lose 3) more 4) long

[´bO:rıŋ] – 1) going 2) enjoy 3) boring 4) person

[taım] – 1) take 2) time 3) tired 4) tied

[maınd] – 1) main 2) my 3) mean 4) mind

[´peıp@] – 1) play 2) afraid 3) paper 4) plain

[@ 2wE@] – 1) aware 2) afraid 3) ahead 4) away

[fju:] – 1) far 2) fine 3) few 4) for

[ðE@] – 1) they 2) there 3) that’s 4) town

[dı 2sıZn] – 1) behind 2) explain 3) decision 4) tomorrow

[θıŋk] – 1) thing 2) think 3) thin 4) these

[¶æt] – 1) chat 2) fat 3) thank 4) part

[streındZ] – 1) stretch 2) strict 3) strange 4) small

[frend] – 1) grand 2) help 3) next 4) friend

[¶u:z] – 1) lose 2) those 3) choose 4) choice

[@ 2hed] – 1) read 2) mean 3) afraid 4) ahead

[bE@] – 1) back 2) bare 3) begin 4) behind

 

 

2.4. Прочитайте следующие группы слов, обращая внимание на указанные в начале ключевые звуки.

 

[eı] – make, late, mistake, lazy, age, fate, aim, main, mainly, rain, paper, plain, af 2raid, same, save, classmate, say, stay, today, play, away, they, day, able, unable, strange, crazy

[æ] – am, bad, back, act, fact, jazz, man, plan, sad, pal, fax, contact, that, thank, vac, mad, grant, fan¢tastic

[α:]/[¸] –are, far, part, start, car, star, class, classmate, after, task, chance, answer, grant

[O:] – or, for, form, boring, re 2port, all, always, small, call, more, sort, ac¢cord, ac¢cording, ac¢cordingly

[O] – not, boss, fond, loss, odds, option, office, pop, job, problem, soft, solve, long, 2conference, contact, wrong, watch, what, to 2morrow, sorry, hobby, honest, prospect

[OI] – boy, enjoy, choice, point, disappoint ["dıs@´ pOInt]

[i:] – be, we, he, she, mete, decent, these, free, easy, lean, mean, read, please, pleased, treat, leave, meal, reason, ma¢chine

[e] – bet, ten, men, wet, well, next, text, test, help, sell, helpful, get, friend, a 2head, never, very, lesson, ¢ever, ¢every, ¢never, ¢everything, guess, cor¢rect, ¢definitely, res¢pectable, ¢better

[aı] – I, nice, line, like, time, drive, de 2cide, 2mobile, tie, mind, 2alibi, idea, right; my, type

[ı] – bit, in, ins, is, if, dim, win, big, pick, picky, be 2gin, de 2 cision, going, strict, thing, think, with 2out, story, easy, theory, many, only, thin, possi¢bility, ¢limit

[@U]/[ou] – no, go, going, smoke, old, most, ¢moment, whole, close

[ju:] – student, few, new, you, excuse

[u:] – good, choose, true, two, who, juice, ¢lunatic

[Λ]– but, just, lunch, 2number, ¢shutter, a¢nother, ¢money, some, ¢something, ¢somebody, result, luck, trust, done

[U ]/[u] – full, put, book, to, do

[@:]– 2person, per´haps, certain, certainly, learn, 2dirty, turn, ¢terminate

[aU]/[au] – a 2bout, how, town, now, with 2out, out, outs

[u@] – sure

[E@] – a 2ware, bare, there, where

[j] – yes, you, yeah

[au@] – hour, our

 

2.5. Найдите в каждом ряду слово, которое содержит звук, указанный в начале ряда.

 

[eI] – part, about, ahead, paper, idea, thank, small

[{] – but, aware, able, star, always, back, all

[α:]/[¸]– contact, 2number, far, late, town, how, bare

[O:] – all, conference, enjoy, smoke, book, choose, watch

[O] – or, person, tomorrow, going, more, wonder, two

[i:] – they, these, ahead, lesson, decide, picky, very

[e] – contact, free, he, learn, friend, same, report

[aı] – today, mainly, rain, away, tie, without, many

[ı] – nice, theory, never, mobile, idea, right, type

[@U]/[ou] – boring, tomorrow, you, more, sort, most, choice

[ju:] – number, excuse, choose, choice, sure, true, just

[u:] – two, few, new, you, lunch, but, book

[Λ]– put, full, do, town, paper, number, who

[U ]/[u] – no, look, do, choose, two, true, just

[@:]– conference, excuse, lean, easy, ahead, form, learn

[aU]/[au] – who, how, two, after, old, away, you

[E@] – far, about, bare, without, learn, always, right

 

2.6. Найдите в ряду слово, начальный звук которого совпадает с начальным звуком указанного слова:

 

hard – short, now, shattering, chat, whole, hour, honest

wonder – year, wrong, who, worth, whole, yeah, vac

kind – flat, certain, choose, chat, shut, close, shatter

use – whole, win, usual, hour, watch, what, one

hour – here, one, honest, hint, how, our, now

aware – able, ahead, always, answer, age, act, all

certain – same, clear, kid, club, correct, crazy, kind

gist – great, grant, give, get, guess, just, good

 

2.7. Найдите существительное, суффикс множественного числа которого произносится, как в первом слове:

 

lawyers – ages, results, hours, jokes, tasks

pages – machines, things, excuses, decisions, seminars

students – places, meanings, classes, lines, mistakes

possibilities – reasons, bosses, choices, prospects, moments

businesses – hobbies, languages, titles, events, contracts

talks – theories, persons, feelings, offices, merits

 

2.8. Прочитайте вслух слова, словосочетания и предложения; отметьте в них ударные элементы:

 

1) going I am going

I am going to do a test.

We are going to fax the paper.

They are going to make the most of the situation.

2) lean and mean

to be lean and mean

The idea is to be lean and mean in season.

3) ahead ahead of the game

ahead of time

We are going to act ahead of time.

If you are going to get ahead of the game, you are not to act ahead of time.

4) the first thing the first thing to do

It is the first thing to do.

First things first.

5) the excuse

What’s the excuse?

What’s the excuse this time?

What’s the excuse this time, I wonder?

 

2.9. Укажите, которое словосочетание обозначает время:

 

1. a) in the car b) in a place c) in an hour

2. a) the age of progress b) the rate of interest c) a high note

3. a) many times b) any time c) this time

4. a) last week b) in the last exam c) at last

5. a) in a few books b) in a few days c) in a few words

a) at the expense of the moment b) not a moment to lose c) a moment later

a) every page b) every term c) every team

 

2.10. Найдите в списках (1) и (2) слова и словосочетания, соответствующие по значению:

 

a big chance, an essay, a choice, to shut, from the very beginning, plenty of, mad, lesson, grand, event, facilities, awful, bare, discussion, to have, to give up, merely, stuff, odd, at the moment, to figure out, lucky, frankly, to like, end, fail

lose, aim, to be fond of, simply, honestly, crazy, fortunate, an option, guess, a great opportunity, at present, disputation, strange, matter, quit, to own, plain, terrible, incident, great, class, lots of, from scratch, to close, a paper, abilities

 

...





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