For questions 26-75, read the sentences and decide which answer 1,2,3,4 or 5 best fits each space.





Text 3

 

For items 14-25 choose the best answer 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5.

MINERALOGY

Mineralogy, the science which _____(14) and classifies the different kinds of _____(15) matter constituting the material of the earth's crust and of those extra-terrestrial bodies _____(16) meteorites. The study of minerals _____(17) thus a branch of natural history. The determination of the composition and constitution of minerals is a chemical problem; their optical and other physical properties _____(18) according to the principles of physics; the study of their _____(19) form and structure belongs _____(20) crystallography; their modes of occurrence, origins, associations and changes _____(21) within the province of geology and petrology; while a consideration of the localities _____(22) which they are found requires some acquaintance with geography. Finally, there is the economic side, dealing _____(23) the mining and application of useful minerals, the extraction of metals _____(24) their ores, and the uses of minerals for building, decoration and jewellery. Modern-day mineralogy _____(25) by advances in other sciences, such as biology and chemistry, to shed even more light on the nature of the materials that form the earth we live on.

 

14. 1. described 2. has described 3. describe 4. describes 5. describing
15. 1. mineralogy 2. mineralogical 3. mineral 4. minerals 5. mineralizing
16. 1. calling 2. call 3. called 4. calls 5. have called
17. 1. is 2. are 3. was 4. were 5. has been
18. 1. determined 2. is determined 3. determine 4. determining 5. are determined
19. 1. crystallize 2. crystalline 3. crystal 4. crystallized 5. crystallization
20. 1. at 2. through 3. to 4. with 5. in
21. 1. has come 2. come 3. had come 4. comes 5. is coming
22. 1. on 2. behind 3. with 4. at 5. above
23. 1. with 2. on 3. at 4. in 5. within
24. 1. out 2. of 3. from 4. in 5. with
25. 1. have been expanded 2. has expanded 3. expands 4. have expanded 5. has been expanded

 

РАЗДЕЛ II: ЛЕКСИКО-ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИЙ БЛОК

For questions 26-75, read the sentences and decide which answer 1,2,3,4 or 5 best fits each space.

26. Take some money in case you _________to do some shopping. 1. will want 2. wanted 3. want 4. had wanted 5. are wanting
27. The train is never late. It always ____on time. 1. leave 2. was leaving 3. is leaving 4. left 5. leaves
28. He will be furious if he ever _____out about this. 1. had found 2. found 3. find 4. finds 5. founded
29. Why ___________the milk? Do you think it has gone off? 1. are you smelling 2. do you smell 3. you smell 4. you are smelling 5. you to smell
30. - Ann is in hospital. - Yes, I know, I _________her tomorrow. 1. will visit 2. will have visited 3. visited 4. am going to visit 5. will be working
31. The streets are covered with snow because it___ all night. 1. is snowing 2. has been snowing 3. have snowed 4. is snowed 5. has snowed
32. I hope you_________ able to come to my party this weekend, Emma. 1. will be 2. was 3. will have been 4. are going to be 5. are being
33. He _________the bedroom when suddenly he fell off the ladder. 1. painted 2. had painted 3. was painting 4. paints 5. had been painting
34. By Friday I ___________on this project for two weeks. 1. will work 2. will have worked 3. will have been working 4. work 5. will be working
35. Tracy _______cold at the beach yesterday. 1. catch 2. was catching 3. caught 4. were caught 5. catches
36. There was nobody in the room. But there was a smell of cigarettes. Somebody ______. 1. have been smoking 2. had smoked 3. was smoking 4. smokes 5. had been smoking
37. The park gates ________at 6.30 p.m. every evening. 1. are locked 2. were loсked 3. lock 4. to be locked 5. are locking
38. Before he _______ looking for a job, he ________ his degree. 1. had started / got 2. started / got 3. starting / getting 4. starts / got 5. started / had got
39. The mountain systems _____ by continental drift. 1. is separating 2. separate 3. separated 4. are separated 5. are separating
40. Newton _________ to be the greatest scientist ever. 1. knew 2. was knowing 3. knows 4. is knowing 5. is known
41. When I was younger I ______ long distances, but now I like traveling a lot. 1. used to walking 2. used to walk 3. didn’t use to walk 4. was used to walking 5. did not used to walk
42. A film about London ______ in room 5 now. 1. is shown 2. being shown 3. has shown 4. had been shown 5. is being shown
43. Unless metamorphic rocks ______ carefully, geologists cannot be sure of their origin. 1. will be studied 2. was studied 3. are studied 4. study 5. is studied
44. Where is ________________? 1. the manager office 2. the manager’s office 3. the office of the manager 4. the office of the manager’s 5. manager’s office’s.
45. She gets _____________every day. 1. beautifuller 2. more and more beautiful 3. beautiful 4. the most beautiful 5. the beautifullest
You know why I am hungry, ________? 1. are you 2. do you 3. don’t you 4. are not you 5. haven’t you
47. ______ me the time, please? 1. Can you telling 2. Do you tell 3. Could you tell 4. Are you telling 5. Can tell
48. Last night I went to bed ___________than usual. 1. early 2. earlier 3. earliest 4. more early 5. earlierly
49. _________I help you with your luggage? - Yes, it’s so kind of you. 1. Will 2. Shall 3. Do 4. Am 5. Won’t
50. Why did you stay at a hotel when you went to New York? You ______ with Barbara. 1. can stay 2. could stay 3. stayed 4. could have stayed 5. must stay
51. The older are the formations, the harder they are generally to study. 1. Древние образования трудно изучать. 2. Чем древнее формации, тем, в целом, сложнее их изучать. 3. Древние формации, в общем, едва ли можно изучить. 4. Образования древние, изучение, в целом, сложное. 5. Более древние формации являются причиной трудностей при изучении.
52. Granite is considered to be of a granular texture. 1. Гранит считается зернистой структурой. 2. Известно, что гранит зернист. 3. Считается, что гранит имеет зернистую структуру. 4. Считалось, что гранит имеет зернистое строение. 5. Предполагается, что гранит состоит из гранул.
53. We expect the engineers to use microprocessors in these circuits. 1. Мы надеемся использовать в этих схемах микропроцессоры. 2. Мы надеемся, что инженеры используют микропроцессоры в этих схемах. 3. Мы полагали, что инженеры использовали микропроцессоры в этих схемах. 4. Мы ждем от инженеров новых процессоров в схемах. 5. Мы надеемся использовать в этих схемах микрочипы.
54. The fauna of the British Isles is similar to that of north-western Europe. 1. Растительный мир Британии и Европы различен. 2. Фауна на Британских островах была похожа на фауну юго-западной Европы. 3. Фауна Британских островов подобна фауне северо-западной Европы. 4. Фауна Британии похожа на ту, которая обитала в Европе. 5. На Британских островах и в северной Европе очень похожий растительный мир.
55. It is the process of deposition that produces the sedimentary rocks. 1. Процесс переотложения осадков порождает осадочные горные породы. 2. Именно процесс накопления производит к образованию осадков. 3. Процесс перемещения ведет к образованию осадочных пород. 4. Это процесс, который является причиной отложения осадочных пород. 5. Именно процесс отложения ведет к образованию осадочных горных пород.
56. That boy, ________ father is a violinist, is very musical. 1. who 2. which 3. that 4. whose 5. who’s
57. Billy and his penfriend wrote to _______ for five years before they actually met. 1. them 2. each other 3. themselves 4. every other 5. each to each
58. -I don’t need ________ sugar from the shops. 1. no 2. every 3. some 4. each 5. any
59. This plan is not ______ it’s ______ . 1. mine, your 2. mine, yours 3. my, yours 4. mines, your 5. my, your
60. -Why are you upset? - _______time Pete rings me he asks for money. 1. Every 2. All 3. Each 4. Both 5. Some
61. ______ these two theories is acceptable today. 1. Either 2. Neither of 3. None 4. No 5. Some
62. I am going to a wedding on Saturday. __________is getting married. 1. A friend of my 2. One my friends 3. A friend of mine 4. Mine fiend 5. My friends
63. Diving into the sea was ______diving into an icy pool. 1. like 2. as 3. - 4. alike 5. such
64. George asked if I ________ a nice time at the party the day before. 1. have 2. had 3. had had 4. would have 5. have had
65. The number of people suffering ____ heart disease has increased. 1. at 2. on 3. - 4. from 5. in
66. Last year I went _______ a trip which was an absolute disaster. 1. by 2. in 3. while 4. during 5. on
67. Although we don’t play _____ Christmas Day, we do play __________ December 26th. 1. at / on 2. in / in 3. on / - 4. by / at 5. on / on
68. Sarah is not home – she is at ____work. 1. a 2. the 3. – 4. an 5. any
69. ___ Statue of Liberty is in _____ New York. 1. A /the 2. A /_ 3. -/ a 4. -/ the 5. The /-
70. One of the chief constituents of the air is _______ oxygen. 1. a 2. the 3. - 4. this 5. an
71. I _____________ home if I’d known the football match was on TV. 1. ran 2. had run 3. would run 4. would have run 5. will run
72. If the book was not too expensive, I _____ it. 1. will buy 2. buy 3. would buy 4. bought 5. have bought
73. She says she would love ________ to dinner with us tonight. 1. comes 2. to come 3. coming 4. to have come 5. come
74. He is too short __________ the top shelf. 1. for reaching 2. reaching 3. to reach 4. to have reached 5. reaches
75. They saw her ____ the wallet yesterday. 1. to steal 2. steal 3. stole 4. has stolen 5. had stolen

 

 





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