Future Continuous (Progressive)




Present Simple

(настоящее простое)

1. Действие происходит регулярно, обычно, постоянно, всегда, часто, не происходит никогда.

Usually - обычно

Often - часто

Seldom (rarely) -редко

Always - всегда

Sometimes - иногда

Occasionally - иногда, изредка, время от времени

Never - никогда

Every day - каждый день

Every week - каждую неделю

Every month - каждый месяц

Every year - каждый год

 

2. Постоянно повторяющееся действие в настоящем.

I study at school.

I live in Izhevsk.

 

3. Общественные факты.

Moscow is the capital of Russia.

 

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE  

I work I do not work Do I work?

He works He does not work Does he work?

She works She does not work Does she work?

It works It does not work Does it work?

 

We work We do not work Do we work?

You work You do not work Do you work?

They work They do not work Do they work?

Do not=don’t Does not=doesn’t

 

 

Present Continuous (Progressive)

(настоящее продолженное, длительное)

1. Для выражения действия, происходящего в момент речи.

Now

At present

At this (that) moment

Please, do not make so much noise. I am working.

Let’s go out now. It’s not raining any more.

 

2. Будущее запланированное действие.

I am leaving for Moscow. – I am going to Moscow.

At 10 I am meeting her at the station.

We are having dinner together.

I am starting a job next week.

НО be going to (am, is, are)– собираться, запланированное действие, но отдаленные планы.

Иногда что-то в ситуации указывает на то, что действие произойдет неизбежно.

Look at that clouds. It is going to rain.

 

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I am reading He is reading She is reading It is reading We are reading You are reading They are reading I am not reading He is not reading She is not reading It is not reading We are not reading You are not reading They are not reading Am I reading Is he reading Is she reading Is it reading Are we reading Are you reading Are they reading

 

PastSimpleTense

(прошедшее простое)

Употребляется для выражения действия, которое происходило в прошлом в неопределенное время. Время совершения действия ясно из контекста или ситуации или указывается соответствующими обстоятельственными словами и выражениями, обозначающими прошедшее время, такими, как:

yesterday – вчера

the day before yesterday – позавчера

last year - в прошлом году

ago - какое-то время тому назад

2 days ago – 2 дня назад

the other day - на днях

 

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I worked/ wrote I did not work/ write Did I work/ write?
  I didn’t work/ write  

 

Past Progressive (Continuous) Tense

(прошедшее продолженное, длительное)

Выражает незаконченное, длительное действие, происходившее в какой-то определенный момент или период.

Этот момент может быть определен:

точным указанием времени:

· What were you doing at 6 o'clock yesterday? - Что ты делал в 6 часов вечера? I was reading. - Я читал.

другим кратким одновременным действием в прошлом:

· I was reading when you came in.- Я читал, когда ты вошла.

контекстом или ситуацией, т.е. точное указание времени или начало другого действия выражены в предыдущем предложении или ясны из ситуации:

· I came to the station. My brother was waiting for me on the platform. - Я приехал на станцию. Мой брат ждал меня на платформе.

 

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I was reading We were reading I was not reading We were not reading Was I reading? Were we reading?

 

 

Future Simple

(будущее простое)

 

Употребляется для выражения действия, которое совершится в будущем в неопределенное время. Может обозначать как однократное, так и повторяющееся действие.

Tomorrow – завтра

The day after tomorrow – послезавтра

In a few days – через несколько дней

 

Theywill take English lessons twice a week.

 

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I will work He will work She will work It will work We will work You will work They will work I will not work He will not work She will not work It will not work We will not work You will not work They will not work will I work? Will he work? Will she work? Will it work? Will we work? Will you work? Will they work?

 

 

Future Continuous (Progressive)

(будущее продолженное, длительное)

Употребляется для выражения действия, которое совершится в будущем в определенное время.

Tomorrow at 3 o’clock I will be reading a book.

 

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
I will be reading He will be reading She will be reading It will be reading We will be reading You will be reading They will be reading I will not be reading He will not be reading She will not be reading It will not be reading We will not be reading You will not be reading They will not be reading   Will I be reading Will he be reading Will she be reading Will it be reading Will we be reading Will you be reading Will they be reading

 

 

ENGLISH TENSES (ACTIVE)

 

SIMPLE CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PRESENT V (s) ask(s) Repeated, customary action.     usually/generally always/never often/seldom sometimes Fact. Future action (to a timetable, schedule). Be + V4(-ing) am is asking are Action (process) going on at the present moment   now, at present, at the moment Future action planned before     Have+V3 (ed) have asked has Completed action connected withthe present; result.   Already/yet ever/never lately/recently this week/today by now   Have been+V4(-ing) have been asking has Action (process) which began in the past and is still going on   for a month/a long time since 5 o’clock how long/since when
PAST V2 (ed) asked took Action (succession of actions) in the past     yesterday last week 3 days ago Be + V4 (-ing) was asking were Action (process) taking place at a given moment in the past   at 5 yesterday from 5 to 6 yesterday for 3 days last week all day long/the whole day when we came Had + V3 (ed) had asked Action completed before a certain moment in the past.   by 5 o’clock yesterday before he came by the end of last year At sequence of tenses Had been + V4 (-ing) had been asking Action (process) which began before a definite moment in the past and was still going at that moment   Hehad been workingfor 2 hours, when my brother came.
FUTURE Will + V1 will ask Future action   tomorrow next week in 3 days in 2017 Wiil be + V4 (-ing) will be asking Action (process) taking place at a given moment in the future.   at 5 tomorrow from 5 to 6 tomorrow for 3 days next week all day long tomorrow when he comes Will have+V3 (-ed) will have asked Action completed before a definite moment in the future     by 5 o/clock tomorrow when he comes by next summer Will have been + V4 (-ing) will have been asking Action (process) which will begin before a definite moment in the future and will be going on at that moment.   When you come, I’ll have been working for 2 hours.

 

Irregular verbs

Present Simple Past Simple Past Perfect Translation
be was/ were been быть
become became become становиться
begin began begun начинать
bet bet bet держать пари
bite bit bitten кусать
break broke broken ломать
bring brought brought приносить
build built built строить
buy bought bought покупать
catch caught caught ловить
choose chose chosen выбирать
come came come приходить
cost cost cost стоить
cut cut cut резать
do did done делать
drink drank drunk пить
drive drove driven ехать
eat ate eaten есть
fall fell fallen падать
feed fed fed кормить
feel felt felt чувствовать
find found found находить
fly flew flown летать
forget forgot forgotten забывать
get got got получать
give gave given давать
go went gone идти, уходить
hang hung hung висеть, вешать
have had had иметь
hear heard heard слышать
hold held held держать
hurt hurt hurt причинять вред, боль
keep kept kept хранить
know knew known знать
lay laid laid класть
leave left left оставлять
let let let позволять
lie lay lain лежать
lose lost lost терять
make made made делать
mean meant meant значить, подразумевать
meet met met встречать
pay paid paid платить
put put put класть, ставить
read read read читать
ring rang rung звонить
run ran run бегать
say said said сказать
see saw seen видеть
seek sought sought искать
shoot shot shot стрелять
show showed shown показывать
shut shut shut закрывать
sing sang sung петь
sit sat sat сидеть
sleep slept slept спать
speak spoke spoken говорить
spend spent spent тратить
stand stood stood стоять
steal stole stolen красть
swim swam swum плавать
take took taken брать
teach taught taught учить
tell told told рассказывать
think thought thought думать
understand understood understood понимать
wake woke woken просыпаться, будить
wear wore worn носить (об одежде)
win won won выигрывать
write wrote written писать

 

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