Speaking about of famous Kazakh people.
The president of Kazakhstan.
Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev Was born on 6th of july in 1940, in Chemolgan village, Kaskelen districts, Almaty. He started his labour activities as a student of a technical secondary school in Dneprodzerzhinsk. He worked as a worker at “Kazmetallurgstroy” and since 1960 as a furnace-man at the Karagandy iron and steel works. Next followed some other metallurgical professions.
In 1967 he graduated from the technical college by the Karagandy
iron and steel works and became a metallurgical engineer by profession. He has a Degree of the Doctor of Sciences in economics. Since 1969 he has been involved in Komsomol, Communist Party and Soviet activities.
In March 1984 he was appointed Chairman of the Council of the Ministers of the Kazakh SSR. From July 1989 to September 1991 he was the first Secretary of the General Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan and Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR. In April 1990 N.A. Nazarbayev was elected President of the Kazakh SSR and since January 1991 he is of the Republic Kazakhstan.
Mukhtar Auezov (1897-1961) a distinguished Kazakh writer, playwright and statesman was born in Semey region of Kazakhstan. Auezov’s grandfather was a friend of the outstanding Kazakh poet and educator Abai Kunanbaev. He taught the future writer to read from Abay’s manuscript verses.
His writing career began with the play «Enlik – Kebek» (1917), based on the folk legend of tragic love. In the course of his life he wrote over 20 plays and many short stories and novels. His best work rightly considered to be the epic novel «Abai», which gives a mastery panorama of Kazakh life in the second half of the XIX-th century. A famous story «Kokserek» was published in 1929. Mukhtar Auezov will always be associated with Kazakh literature.
Akhmet Yassavy is a poet – philosopher of 12 century. He takes remarkable place in the history of ancient Kazakh culture. He lived in Yassy town. Later he found his name ‘Yassavy’ . The composition of Akhmet Yassavy «Diuany Hikmus» ( the book of wisdom) has remined till our days. There are facts relating to the ancient history, literature, culture, ethnography, economy of Kazakh nation. Suphism is atendency in Islam that assumes an opportunity of the direct contract between the beliver and God legends. Tell us about special sanctity of Akhmet Yassavy and his repeated ‘Conversation with Allah’ . Turkestan city itself, where the holy Mussulman sypher lived preached and was burried, took the holy status. The fame of Akhmet Yassavy spread about the whole islam would famous eastern ruler.
Education in Kazakhstan
The educational system in Kazakhstan is conducted in two languages - Kazakh and Russian and consists of several levels of state and private educational establishments: infant schools, elementary (or primary) schools, comprehensive schools, colleges and academies. The constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan fixes the right of citizens of the republic on free-of-charge secondary education which is obligatory. The constitution prohibits any discrimination on the basis of language or ethnicity and guarantees equal rights in education regardless of nationality. Children start school at the age of 7 and finish at 17. As a rule a child attends the school, located in the neighborhood. However, in big cities there are so-called special schools, offering more in depth studies of the major European languages (English, French, German) or the advanced courses in physics and mathematics and children, attending one of this may have to commute from home.The first stage of education in Kazakhstan is elementary (or primary) school for grades one through four. The second is secondary school for middle grades from five through nine. Upon graduation from secondary school students are given the choice of either continuing to attend the same school (high school -senior grades 10-11) or entering a vocational or technical school. Both of these schools are meant to provide one, along with the certificate of secondary education with a number of useful skills (e.g. those of an electrician, technical or computer operators.) Having completed one's secondary education, one can either become a part of work force or go on college (institution of higher learning-Institute).To be admitted to the institute one has to pass a series of oral or written tests. Students may get free-of-charge higher education in the higher educational institution and the limited number of the state grants is given each academic year on a competitive basis. Some college departments (law, journalism, foreign language-especially English) have dozens of applicants for one prospective student's position. The system of higher education prepares highly - skilled experts on economy, transport, agriculture, medicine, languages and others. Today the young people of Kazakhstan have the opportunity to choose and acquire various types of education and build their lives according to their ambitions.Studying of foreign languages and development of computer skills of pupils is of a special importance. More opportunities appear for the interested persons to be trained abroad on the basis of local and state grants, scholarships