Moscow Academy of Labor and Social Relations is a Higher Institute of education which has trained specialists for 90 years. It was founded in 1919 and used to be “The Higher Institute of Trade Union Movement”.
Now it is one of the leading higher schools which has more than 30 thousand students, trainees and post-graduates. The Academy has got State Accreditation and is authorized to issue diplomas acknowledged as State diplomas.
There are 9 departments in the Academy: Economics, Finance and Law with the specialties: Economics and Labour Sociology, Management, Accounting and Auditing, Finance and Credit, Law. The other departments are: Economics of Labour and Employment, Protection of Labour, Social Partnership, World Economy and International Finance, International Faculty and Preparatory Department.
There are four forms of tuition: full time, evening classes, tuition by correspondence, full-time-postal tuition.
More than 380 highly qualified teaching staff work at 32 chairs.
The teaching process in the Academy is accompanied by many interesting things. There are all necessary facilities: TV equipped rooms and computer rooms with modern equipment. There are 3 educational buildings and 2 dormitories, libraries and a reading hall.
The Academy runs a complex of international programs under bilateral and multilateral cooperation with the educational and scientific centers of USA, Switzerland, Holland, Japan, Korea and other countries. It organizes joint seminars on social-economic problems, visits to the industrial enterprises, offers special Russian language courses for foreigners.
Moscow Academy has got 17 branches all over the Russian Federation and abroad.
Kurgan branch of the Academy of Labor and Social Relations was founded in 1996.
There are two departments in Kurgan branch of the Academy: Social-Economic and Finance Departments with the specialties: Management, Accounting and Auditing, Finance and Credit, Economy of Labor. There are two forms of tuition there: full-time tuition and tuition by correspondence.
The number of students is increasing each year. Highly qualified teachers work at the Academy of Labor and Social Relations.
There is a good library in the Academy. You can find a lot of modern textbooks and magazines and newspapers there. Art and photo exhibitions take place in the library.
There is a large conference hall on the ground floor of the Academy. Students organize concerts and parties to celebrate national and students` holidays. They sing songs, dance and play musical instruments.
There are many classrooms in the Academy. They are all clean and light with new comfortable furniture. There are several computer rooms equipped with modern computers.
The main goal of the Academy is to train highly-qualified specialists and in fact it is the right place to acquire a real profession and excellent employment opportunities. Not a single graduate has ever been in doubt of the choice.
Trade Union Movement – профсоюзное движение
To issue diploma – выдавать диплом
Tuition – обучение
Full – time - очный
Correspondent - заочный
Department – факультет
Accounting - бухучет
Equipment - оборудование
Furniture – мебель
Exercise 1. Answer the questions:
1. When was Moscow Academy founded?
2. What departments and specialties are there in Moscow Academy?
3. How many branches are there in the Academy?
4. Are you a student of the correspondent department?
5. Is it difficult for you to combine work and study?
6. Are you planning to change your current job after graduating the Academy?
Topic 5 Professional skills
The Manager’s Job
In the 1990s, we’ve come to understand that technical skills are necessary, but insufficient, for succeeding in management. In today’s increasingly competitive and demanding workplace, managers cannot succeed on their technical skills alone. They’ve also got to have good people skills.
Let’s begin by briefly defining the terms manager and the place where managers work ñ the organization. Then let’s look at the manager’s job, specifically, what do managers do? Managers get things done through other people. They make decisions, allocate resources, and direct the activities of others to attain goals. Managers do their work in an organization. This is a consciously coordinated social unit, composed of two or more people, which functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals.
Based on this definition, manufacturing and service firms are organizations and so are schools, hospitals, churches, military units, retail stores, police departments, and local, state, and federal government agencies. The people who oversee the activities of others and who are responsible for attaining goals in these organizations are their managers (although they’re sometimes called administrators, especially in not-for-profit organizations).
In the early part of this century, a French industrialist by the name of Henri Fayol wrote that all managers perform five management functions: they plan, organize, command, coordinate, and control. Today, we’ve condensed these down to four: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
If you don’t know where you’re going, any road will get you there. Since organizations exist to achieve goals, someone has to define these goals and the means by which they can be achieved. Management is that someone. The planning function encompasses defining organizations goals, establishing an overall strategy for achieving these goals, and developing comprehensive hierarchy of plans to integrate and coordinate activities.
Managers are also responsible for designing an organizations structure. We call this function organizing. It includes the determination of what tasks are to be done, which is to do them, how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to whom, and where decisions are to be made.
Every organization contains people, and it is management is job to direct and coordinate these people. This is the leading function. When managers motivate subordinates, direct his activities of others, select the most effective communication channel, or resolve conflicts among members, they are engaging in leading.
The final function managers perform is controlling. After the goals are set; the plans formulated: the structural arrangements delineated; and the people hired, trained, and motivated, there is still the possibility that something may go amiss. To ensure that things are going as they should, management must monitor the organizations performance. Actual performance must be compared with the previously set goals. If there are any significant deviations, it is management’s job to get the organization back on track. This monitoring, comparing, and potential correcting is what is meant by the controlling function.
Skill - навык
Insufficient – недостаточный
To establish – устанавливать
Hierarchy - иерархия
Competitive - конкурентный
Government - правительство
Decision making – принятие решений
To hire - нанимать
Resolve - решать
To set a goal – ставить цель
To achieve, to attain - достигать
To ensure – удостовериться
Exercise 1. Put the missing words and translate the sentences into Russian:
1. The people who … the activities of others and who are responsible for attaining goals in these organizations are their …
2. Since organizations exist to achieve goals, someone has to … these goals and the means by which they can be achieved.
3. The planning function encompasses defining organizations goals … an overall strategy for achieving these goals, and developing comprehensive … of plans to integrate and coordinate activities.
4. When managers … subordinates, direct his activities of others, select the most effective communication …, or resolve conflicts among members, they are engaging in ….
5. To ensure that things are going as they should, management must … the organizations performance.