Exercise 2 . Translate into English
1. Букингемский дворец - официальная лондонская резиденция английской королевы
2. Сити - это старейшая часть города. Именно c этого места начал расти Лондон.
3. Картинные галереи Лондона - богатейшие в мире.
4. Лондон гордится своими великолепными мостами через Темзу. Наиболее известен Вестминстерский, Лондонский и Тауэрский мосты.
5. Самые знаменитые древние здания - собор Святого Павла, Вестминстерское аббатство, Лондонский Тауэр.
6. Вест-Энд - район богатых магазинов, театров, ресторанов.
7. Лондонский порт и доки находятся в Ист-Энде.
8. Лондонский Тауэр, построенный для защиты Лондона, был крепостью, дворцом и тюрьмой.
The National Passion
(by George Mikes)
Queuing is the national passion of an otherwise dispassionate race.
The English are rather shy about it, deny that they adore it. On the Continent, if people are waiting at a bus stop, they loiter around in a seemingly vague fashion. When the bus arrives they make a dash for it. An Englishman, even if he is alone, forms an orderly queue of one. People don’t rush excitedly for seats in buses, but take their seats in queues, in a quiet and orderly manner.
The biggest and most attractive advertisements in front of cinemas tell people: Queue here for 4/6; Queue here for 9/3; Queue here for 16/8 (inclusive of tax). Those cinemas which do not put these queuing signs don’t do good business at all.
At week-ends an Englishman queues up at the bus stop, travels out to Richmond, queues up for a boat, then queues up for tea, then queues up for ice-cream, then joins a few more odd queues just for the sake of the fun of it, then queues up at the bus stop and enjoy it.
an otherwise dispassionate race - во всем другом совершенно бесстрастной нации
queue - очередь
passion - страсть, страстное увлечение
shy - застенчивый; to shy - избегать чего-л.;
to deny - отрицать; отказываться
adore - обожать; поклоняться
loiter - слоняться без дела
vague - неопределенный, неясный
fashion - манера, образ
dash - натиск, to dash - броситься, ринуться
advertisement - реклама; объявление
4/6 = 4s.6d. - 4 шиллинга 6 пенсов
Exercise 1. Read and translate the text into Russian.
English life is full of traditions and the English are known to be conservative. They accept things which are familiar and they are suspicious of anything that is strange and foreign. Many English people are very reserved and won’t talk to others, especially foreigners. Englishmen don’t like displaying their emotions even in dangerous and tragic circumstances.
They pride themselves on being good-tempered and cheerful under difficulties.
One of the most striking features of English life is the self-discipline and courtesy of people of all classes. There is little noisy behavior, and practically no loud disputing in the streets.
Englishmen are naturally polite and are never tired in saying «Thank you», «I’m sorry», «Beg your pardon». If you follow anyone who is entering a building or a room, he will hold a door open for you. Many foreigners have commented on a remarkable politeness of the English.
The Englishmen does not like any boasting or showing off in manners, dress or speech. Sometimes he conceals his knowledge: a linguist, for example, may not mention his understanding of a foreigner’s language.
The English are the nation of stay -at -homes. There is no place like home, they say. The Englishman is master of his own house which he calls his castle. The English prefer small houses built for one family, perhaps with a small garden. The fire is the focus of the English home. The ceremony of English tea, known as «five o’clock tea» has become a ritual.
Afternoon tea is taken between four and five o’clock. At the weekends afternoon tea is a very sociable time. Friends and visitors are often present.
Some people like to have the so-called «high tea» when meat, cheese and fruit may be added to bread and butter, pastries and tea.
English people show great love for animals. Pet dogs, cats, hens, canaries and many other animals have a good life in England. «Love me - love my dog» is the English saying.
Another English characteristic is the desire to belong to some private clubs or societies to which other people are not admitted. Such groups have customs of their own which are not changed and which are supposed to make the members of the group different from the rest of the world.
The coast is the most popular place for the annual holiday of English people and seaside resorts have many hotels. Food in British hotels and restaurants is reasonably cheap, but rooms are not. Few English people rent houses or flats for their holidays, but one of the traditional ways spending a summer holiday is in a boarding -house. Some boardinghouse keepers provide all meals for their guests, others provide breakfast only.
The discussion of leisure can’t be complete without mentioning sport. The English are great lovers of sport; and when they are neither playing nor watching games, they like to talk about them or when they cannot do that to think about them.
Much attention is paid to sport at school. Boys must play cricket or football or some other game on most days of the week. Cricket is the national game in England. It demands sunny weather, plenty of time to spare and a comfortable chair for the spectator. The main matches played between countries last for up to three days, with six hours’ play on each day. This game was played already in the 16 th century. Football which began in England in the 19 th century has spread all over the world only in the next century. For the mass of the British public the eight months of the football season are more important than the four months of cricket.
Each college and university has its team for all the main sports. University rowing races in summer are a great and colourful social occasion. The English care strongly about the «sporting spirit», the ability to play with respect for the rules and the opponents, to win with modesty and to lose with good temper (that is to be able to be «good losers»).
to accept smth. - принимать что-л. (не отвергать ч-л.)
familiar - знакомый, ранее встречавшийся
suspicious - подозрительный
to display - демонстрировать, выставлять на показ
pride - гордость
circumstance - обстоятельство
good - tempered - добродушный, имеющий хороший характер
cheerful - веселый, жизнерадостный
courtesy - учтивость, вежливость
to boast - хвастать
to show off - пускать пыль в глаза
to conceal - скрывать
desire - желание
to admit - допускать, принимать (членом в организацию)
coast - морской берег, побережье
annual - ежегодный
resort - курорт
rent smth. - снимать, нанимать что-л.
boarding - house - пансионат
to provide smth. - обеспечивать, предоставлять что-л.
guest - постоялец, проживающий в гостинице
complete - полный
mention smth - упоминать о чем-л.
team - команда
rowing race - состязание в гребле
ability - способность
opponent - противник
modesty - скромность
Exercise 1. Read the text and talk on the following points:
1. The English attitude to something that is strange and foreign.
2. The most striking features of the English.
3. The Englishman’s house.
4. «Five o’clock tea».
5. «Love me - love my dog».
6. Englishmen’s attitude to leisure.
7. The English are great lovers of sports.
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