The term “interview” comes from English and means a “talk”. In order to build effective interpersonal relations it is necessary to resort to certain technological stunts. According to the content interviews are divided into 2 types: - documental interview is a study of past events and facts specification; - opinion interview the goal of which is to reveal estimates, views and judgments, etc.
What will become the subject of an interview – facts, opinions, personality? Of course, it is possible to cover everything in one talk. But right here we face the relativity of every classification; it reveals only the dominance of 1 factor over the others. Thus, if in a portrait interview the interest in a personality dominates, it doesn’t mean that an interviewer must ignore facts and opinions.
Opinion interview is the most widespread form of an interview. The interviewee can be a politician, a scientist or an unknown passer-by. The goal of such an interview is to learn the opinion of the respondent on a concrete issue. The interviews of this kind shouldn’t be complicated. They aim at the interviewee’s getting the opportunity to speak out.
Interview with a witness is a talk with a person who became a witness of some event, an accident or a crime. In this case the task of the reporter is to let the interviewee express his opinion without disturbing or interrupting him with numerous questions or remarks. It’s necessary to keep in mind that in such an interview the silence of a reporter at the beginning of a witness’s talk can be more effective than the best question. At the same time, it shouldn’t be forgotten that in the interview of this kind there is much responsibility on the reporter. People in the state of shock often behave irrationally, failing to realize their behavior or emotions.
Interview “confrontation” is quite another genre. In such interviews the reporter must push the authorities to the wall and put them in front of the necessity to explain their actions. The system itself of preparing and conducting such interviews is different from the others. A friendly talk with the interviewee before filming is out of place here, nor is he/she offered to take a look at the upcoming questions and no test filming is done. The tempo and the tactic of such an interview have an offensive character. Still, it is necessary to remember that aggressive questions are far from being the best ones. On the contrary, oftentimes the most effective ones are those asked with comprehension and in a friendly tone but with an unruffled calm and confidence.
Interview “press-conference”. Under these conditions it is difficult to get a full-fledged interview. Generally, it is officials’ presentation of a certain issue where the reporter can obtain a commentary on this or that event. It is necessary to recollect one particularity of this interview – the reporter should outstrip the other reporters with his question. The material of the press-conference can be kept and used for other topics and programs.
Ex. 1 Match the words (1-19) with the definitions (a-s):
1-e; 2-c; 3-g; 4-a; 5-d; 6-i; 7-b; 9-f; 10-m; 11-h; 12-j; 13-p; 14-s; 15-n; 16-l; 17-o; 18-q; 19-r.
Ex. 2 Translate the following words and word-combinations from Russian into English using active vocabulary:
A freeze-frame; an all-news network; to stay abreast of smth; to hone one’s skills; amalgamation; smorgasbord; fad; focal point; fallacy; to cater for smb/smth; media convergence; angst; to bring smth in line with smth; to draw on smth; to look askance at smb; to lure smb into smth; to jump on the bandwagon; pat answer; adplexing.
Ex. 3 Complete the following words and word combinations:
1. Jump on the bandwagon
2. Lured into
3. Looked askance
4. Cater for
6. Keep abreast
10. Focal point
Ex. 3 Answer the following questions:
1. P. 296
2. P. 298 top
3. P. 299 middle
4. P. 300 top
5. P. 300 bottom
6. P. 301
7. P. 302 top
8. P. 302 middle
9. P. 308 bottom, p. 309
10. P. 310 top
11. P. 312 bottom
Ex. 4 Do the “word formation” exercise and then translate the text into Russian:
Ex. 5 Give synonyms and antonyms to the following expressions:
|a.To upset the balance||Disrupt, hamper, destroy||restore|
|b. To incur costs||Lose money, owe money or have to pay money as a result of doing smth||Not to bear any costs|
|c. To break news on a moment’s notice||Quickly, rapidly||slowly|
|d. To harness smth||Use smth for a particular purpose||----------|
|e. Proliferation||Abundance, mass||Scarcity, shortage, insufficiency, deficiency|
|f. Cross-pollination between different media||Mutually beneficent cooperation||---------------|
|g. Repurposing||Adjustment, adaptation||------------|
Ex. 6 Translate the following sentences from Russian into English using active vocabulary:
- There has been an amalgamation of companies, followed by internal rivalry to obtain stock control of the merger.
- One participant proposed the creation of a focal point or special rapporteur on freedom of assembly and association and human rights defenders, who would react immediately to violations against these.
- These initiatives are Microsoft's response to digital convergence, in which all devices will use digital technology and need to work with one another.
- One fallacy with this model is that spending the allocated money is viewed as a positive.
- Irina Siraeva confidently stays (keeps) abreast of events in the world of rowing - national, as well as international ones.
- He impatiently tapped keys, rolling another shade of gray down a freeze-frame from a convenience store videotape.
- Unless you’ve got enough patience to hone your skills, you’ll be able to achieve success in figure skating.
- He called on the participants to draw on their expertise to help their efforts to succeed.
- I too began to try to be funny, but as soon as ever I spoke they either looked at me askance or did not look at me until I had finished: so that my anecdotes fell flat.
- France had placed an elite force there in the hope of luring the communists into leading a pitched battle of attrition, and, in the process, maneuvered itself into a no-win situation.
- Our site provides a great choice of Moscow hotels catering for all tastes and budgets.
- It would be pat of me to say I am sorry.
- Bandwagon jumpers make choices based not on merit or value but on brand names, slogans, and tag lines.
- My client is a very liberal man, but he has his fads and his own way of doing things.
- All-news TV channels such as, for example, CNN or BBC use adplexing to attract the attention of a bigger audience.
Ex. 8 Translate the following text from Russian into English: