Ex. 1Translate all the words into Russian
1. a likely mistake or problem in a situation pitfall
2. A means by which something is transmitted conduit
3. an action that breaks a law, rule, or agreement breach
4. dishonest crooked
5. likely to be affected by a particular kind of problem, illness etc liable to smth
6. telephoning back and forth by parties trying to reach each other without success to play telephone tag
7. the process of using lawyers, courts of law, etc. to solve disagreements, or an occasion when this happens legal action
8. to make public something bad or dishonest expose
9. made to look exactly like something else, in order to deceive people counterfeit
10. the small visible part of something, esp a problem or difficulty, that is much larger the tip of the iceberg
11. to accept a situation or accept what someone says, without thinking there may be a hidden meaning: take smth at face value
12. to accept criticism or punishment for something that you have done to face the music
13. to change something from its usual, original, natural or intended meaning, condition or shape distort
14. to control something dangerous or powerful, to reduce the power or strength of something and prevent it from causing trouble tame
15. to prevent someone from doing something, or to slow down a process or the growth of something inhibit
16. the crime of getting money by deceiving people fraud
17. deserving or able to be believed or trusted credible
18. something that is very useful and makes your life a lot easier or better a boon to smb
19. to consider or try as many things as possible in order to find what you want to cast one’s net
20. to do a lot of calculations in order to find an answer to crunch numbers
21. to feel very pleased about something or someone you are closely connected with take pride in smth
22. to make a bad situation worse exacerbate
23. to make you dislike something or not want to do something put smb off
24. to pay money to smb before they do something for you to pay up front
25. to surprise someone by doing something that they are not ready to deal with catch smb of guard
26. the abilities and experience which make someone suitable for a particular job or activity, or proof of someone's abilities and experience credentials
27. to practise and improve your skills or your knowledge of something that you learned in the past to brush up on smth
28. to stop someone from doing something, by making them realize it will be difficult or have bad results deter
29. to suddenly let a strong force, feeling etc have its full effect unleash
30. to watch someone or something; to monitor someone or something closely keep an eye on
31. too ready to believe what other people tell you, so that you are easily tricked gullible
32. Well informed and perceptive; shrewd savvy
Ex. 3 Match the following words and collocations with their synonyms:
1. a hidden hazard, difficulty (pitfall)
2. action at law (legal action)
3. aggravate, worsen, exasperate (exacerbate)
4. be proud of (take pride in)
5. believable, plausible (credible)
6. benefit, blessing (boon)
7. channel (conduit)
8. corrupt, fraudulent (crooked)
9. calculate, compute (crunch numbers)
10. deceit, trickery (fraud)
11. disclose, reveal (expose)
12. discourage, dissuade (deter)
13. domesticate, suppress, discipline (tame)
14. fake (counterfeit)
15. falsify, deform (distort)
16. hold back, stop, restrain, frustrate (inhibit)
17. in advance, beforehand (up front)
18. intelligent, knowing, astute (savvy)
19. let loose, release, relinquish (unleash)
20. naïve, easily duped (gullible)
21. prone, likely (liable)
22. qualifications, certification (credentials)
23. repel, repulse (put off)
24. revise sth, refresh your memory (brush up on sth)
25. take the consequences (face the music)
26. violation, transgression (breach)
Ex. 4 Complete the sentences using the list of vocabulary units in exercise 2, some words can be used more than once:
1. All the candidates had excellent academic credentials.
2. Australia is losing almost Aus$600 million a year to social security fraud and crooked public servants, a report showed Monday as the government announced new measures to tackle the menace. (AFP) – Apr 3, 2011
3. The teenagers at our college are well-educated and Media-savvy.
4. He wants all the money up front or he won't do the job.
5. He'll need to tame his temper if he wants to succeed.
6. She was asked to show her press credentials.
7. This drug inhibits the growth of tumours.
8. His account was badly distorted by the press.
9. I must brush up on my French before I go to Paris.
10. If you don't take professional pride in your work, you're probably in the wrong job.
11. It was a mistake to take their compliments at face value.
12. High prices are deterring many young people from buying houses.
13. The newspaper story exposed him as a liar.
14. Lawyers say the company probably has grounds for legal action under the Trades Description Act.
15. Plastic replicas of the Greek pottery are sold to gullible tourists.
16. Recording the meeting may inhibit people from expressing their real views.
17. Some companies charge a fee up front.
18. The mother sat on the edge of the sandbox, keeping an eye on her sons as they played.
19. Senator O'Hare was caught off guard by the question.
20. Guide dogs are a great boon to the partially sighted.
21. Brushing up on computer skills can be important for any worker thinking about getting a new job.
22. They sued the company for breach of contract.
23. At worst, nuclear war could be unleashed.
24. The company's financial difficulties have deterred potential investors.
25. The computer will crunch all the numbers to determine the final score.
26. The review exposed widespread corruption in the police force.
27. The young man tried to pay with a counterfeit banknote but the cashier noticed the trick.
28. There's a video that tells new students about pitfalls to avoid.
29. These small local protests are just the tip of the iceberg.
30. The bus service is a real boon to people in the village.
31. This attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.
32. This was a clear breach of the 1994 Trade Agreement.
33. We cast our net wide to get the right person for the job.
34. Lefèvre's comments unleashed a wave of protest.
35. The pitfalls of working abroad are numerous.
36. We've been playing telephone tag—she's always out when I call, and vice versa.
37. When the missing money was noticed, he chose to disappear rather than face the music.
38. The recession has exacerbated this problem.
39. You're more liable to injury when you don't get regular exercise.
Ex. 6 In chapter 15 the author uses the expression “credible websites”. Explain the difference in the usage of the words “credible”, “creditable” and “credulous” and then fill in the gaps with the suitable option:
1. They haven't produced any credible evidence for convicting him.
2. The student's effort on the essay--though not outstanding--was creditable.
3. He charmed credulous investors out of millions of dollars.
4. Her excuse was barely credible.
5. It scarcely seemed credible that he could be serving her from motives purely chivalrous. (The Beasts of Tarzan by Burroughs, Edgar Rice)
6. We feel that this is a particularly creditable achievement in view of the changes that our business has undergone over the past twelve months.
7. Why are westerners such credulous people for alternative therapies?
8. He was unable to give a credible explanation for his behaviour.
9. The professional skills demonstrated by our personnel were less than awesome but perfectly creditable.
10. Few people are credulous enough to believe such nonsense.
7. Study the meaning of phrasal collocations with the verb “put” and the following particles: across, down, off, out, forward, down to. Then fill in the gaps in the sentences:
1. He was trying to put across a serious point.
2. I hate the way Dave puts me down the whole time.
3. I was having difficulty reading, which I put down to the poor light.
4. They put forward a number of suggestions.
5. Don't let the restaurant's decor put you off - the food is really good.
6. The rescue services are still trying to put out the fires.
7. Why did you have to put me down in front of everybody like that?
8. The meeting has been put off for a week.
9. Would you mind putting your cigarette out, please?
10. I can't put off going to the dentist any longer.
11. The peace plan put forward last August has been revived for the latest round of negotiations.
12. It's an interesting idea and I thought he put it across well.
13. I put the children's bad behaviour down to the fact that they were tired.
14. The smell of hospitals always puts me off.
9. Translate the sentences into English in writing paying special attention to the use of vocabulary units:
1. Если Вы решили приобрести жилье в кредит, то необходимо предусмотреть возможные подводные камни, иначе трудностей не избежать. (pitfalls)
2. Не стоит быть таким доверчивым и судить о добродетели людей по первому впечатлению. (gullible, take sth at face value)
3. Многие считают, что смертная казнь препятствует тому, чтобы потенциальные преступники нарушали закон. (inhibit)
4. Мой одноклассник очень толковый парень. Ему нет равных в математических вычислениях. (savvy, number crunching)
5. Никто не мог обуздать его крутой нрав, ничто не могло его сдержать, но в итоге ему пришлось ответить за свои поступки. (tame, deter, face the music)
6. Финансовая помощь гуманитарных организаций оказалось настоящим благом для беженцев из зоны военных действий, развязанных западной коалицией против неугодного режима на Ближнем Востоке. (boon, unleashed)
7. Нам лучше потребовать от партнеров предварительную оплату товара, за ними нужно следить, ведь однажды они уже нарушили условия контракта, нельзя допустить, чтобы это повторилось. (pay upfront, keep an eye on smb, breach the contract)
8. Журналистам нашей газеты удалось разоблачить мошенничество политических жуликов, против которых теперь возбуждено уголовное дело. (expose the fraud of crooked politicians)
9. Теперь, когда у меня достаточный опыт работы, я менее подвержен манипуляциям со стороны начальства, я уверен в правильности принимаемых мною решений. (liable to)
10. Для написания дипломной работы необходимо использовать только самые надежные источники, среди которых должны присутствовать и периодические издания, не искажающие факты. (credible sources, distort facts)
11. Конфликт в регионе обострился до такой степени, что пришлось привлечь иностранных миротворцев и посредников. (was exacerbated)
12. С развитием современных технологий количество информационных каналов также неуклонно возрастает. (conduits of information)
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